(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Constitution and playing rules of the National league of professional base ball clubs"



CONSTITUTION 



fwxn&*$ww '■ 



NATIONAL LEAGUE. 
1SS1 



j* 8 ******^ 



1881. 



CONSTITUTION 



AND 



PLAYING RULES 



OF THE 



NATIONAL LEAGUE 



OK 



PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



OFFrciAL PUBLICATION, 

Averages of PU^J %&$£$ ti^V^"* * 



CHICAGO: 
Published by A. G. Spalding & Bros., 

IOS MADISON STREET. 



Entered accordin 
& Bros., in t 



& to o&»f^^»n^ 



SPALDING 

(on. 



10 



Correct Diagram of a Ball Ground. 



• 







C itch* hi ft-nflB 



A, A. A,— Ground reserved for Umpire, Batsman and Catcher. 
B. B. B. — Ground reserved for Captain and Assistant 



t 



INDEX 

TO THE 

CONSTITUTION. 



NAME. — ARTICLE I. 
OBJECTS.— ARTICLE II. 

MEMBERSHIP.— article in. 

Names of Club Members Sec. 1 

One Club only, from any City : " 2 

Population of ellg.ble City " 3 

Mode of Application " 4 

Election of Club Member " 5 

Temporary Club Membership u 6 

Membership of Umpires, Managers and Players " 7 

League Alliance Clubs. Honorary Members . . . u 8 

Forfeiture of Club Membership " 

By Voluntary Withdrawal (1) " " 

" Disbandment (2) " " 

" Dishonest Ball Playing (8) " " 

" Sunday Ball Playing (4) " " 

" Sale of Liquors (5) " " 

" Employing Ineligible Person (6) " " 

" Playing Disqualified Club (7) " « 

" Failing to Play as Agreed (8) " '* 

" M " Play off Drawn, Tie or Postponed 

Game (9) " " 

u ■ u .I pay y isit i n g Club ( 10 j « M 

11 " " Pay Annual Dues (11) " " 

u u « Obey Lawful Order of Board. (12) " 
" Wilful Violation of Constitution or Playiug 

Rules (13) » « 

Forfeiture of Honorary Membership by League Alli- 
ance Club " 10 

By Voluntary Withdrawal (1) « 

u Disbandment ..(2) " " 

a Failing to Pay Annual Dues (3) " 

" " M a League Clubs .(4) u " 

" Violation of Article VII (5) " u 



: 



IV 



INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION 



Forfeiture of Membership by Umpire, Manager or 

Player " 

When Forfeiture lakes Effect " 

Re-aJniission of Disqualified Member " 

DUES. — ARTICLE IV. 

League Club Sec. 

League Alliance Club " 

OFFICERS.— article v. 

The President and His Duties Sec. 

Board of Directors ** 

Qualifications of Directors " 

Duties of Board " 

Meetings of Board " 

Report of Board. " 

Disclosure of Board Proceeding " 

Vacancy in Board " 

Election of Secretary " 

Secretary to be Treasurer t( 

Secretary's Duties " 

Secretary's Compensation and Guarantee u 

LEAGUE CLUBS, UMPIRES, MANAGERS AND 
PLAYERS.— ARTICLE VI. 

Jurisdiction of Club Sec. 

Territory of Club.. " 

Contract with Player u 

Contract Void without Secretary's Certificate " 

Notice of Release, Suspension or Expulsion of Player. M 

When Player may be employed after twenty days " 

When Player may be employed on Premature Ter- 
mination of his Contract * 

Player Disqualified by Suspension or Expulsion. .... " 

Persons Ineligible for Employment " 

Playing Disqualified Clubs Forbidden u 

Expulsion of Manager or Player " 

Suspension of Player " 

Disqualification of Umpire " 

THE LEAGUE ALLIANCE.— article vii. 

Eligible Clubs Sec. 

League Alliance Agreement " 

Duties of League Secretary " 

Duties of League Board « 

League Clubs forbidden to employ League Alliance 

Players « 



11 
12 
13 



1 
2 
3 

4 
5 
fl 

7 

8 

<) 

10 

11 

12 



3 

4 
5 
6 

7 
8 
<> 
10 
11 
12 
13 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



League Alliance to be heard at Annual League Meet- 
ing Sec. 

League Alliance Championship u 

Disqualified Clubs " 

DISPUTES AND COMPLAINTS.— abticlk vin. 

Disputes between Clubs to be determined by Board. . .Sec. 

Complaint by Club against Player of other Club (t 

Player's Appeal from bis Club to the Board " 

When Director disqualified to act as Judge *• 

Expenses of Litigation to be borne equally u 

PLAYING RULES.— article ix. 

CHAMPIONSHIP.— article x. 

Championship to be contended for yearly Sec. 

Championship Season 

What Games are for Championship 

Number of Championship Games 

Playing Off, Postponed, Tie or Drawn Games 

Rights of Clubs 

Championship Schedule 

Admission to Games 

Payment to Visiting Club 

Payment of Umpire 

No League Games prior to Championship Series 

Non-League Games during " Season... 

Forfeited^ Games 

Status of Drwn, Tie, or Postponed Games 

The Champion Club 

Mode of deciding Championship 

ANNUAL MEETING. -akticle XL 

Time and Place of Meeting Sec. 

Delegates and Their Credentials « 

Quorum t u 

Order of Business . . « 

AMENDMENTS.— article xn. 



1 
2 
3 

4 
4 
5 
G 
7 
8 
9 

10 
11 
12 
18 
14 
15 



CONSTITUTION 



NATIONAL LEAGUE 



PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS, 

1881, 



ARTICLE I. 



NAMK. 



This Association shall be called "The National 
League of Professional Base Ball Clubs." 

ARTICLE II. 

OBJECTS. 

The objects of this league arc: 

1st. To encourage, foster, and elevate the game of 
base ball; to enact and enforce proper rules for the ex- 
hibition and conduct of the game, and to make base ball 
playing respectable and honorable. 

2d. To protect and promote the mutual interests of 
professional base ball clubs and professional base ball 
players; and 

Bd. To establish and regulate the base ball champion- 
ship of the United States. 






OP PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 5 

ARTICLE III. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

Section 1. This League shall consist of the follow- 
ing named professional base ball clubs, namely: 

Boston B. B. Association, of Boston, Mass. 

Buffalo B. B. Association, of Buffalo, N. Y. 

Chicago Ball Club, of Chicago, 111. 

Detroit B. B. Club, of Detroit, Mich. 

Cleveland B. B. Club, of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Providence B. B. Association, of Providence, E-. I. 

Troy B. B. Association, of Troy, N. Y. 

Worcester B. B. Club, of Worcester, Mass. 
And such other professional base ball clubs as may from 
time to time be elected to membership. 

Sec. 2. No club shall be admitted from either of the 
cities above named other than the clubs mentioned, ex- 
cept in the event that either of such clubs shall lose its 
membership, and in no event shall there be more than 
one club from any city. 

Sec. 3. No club shall be admitted from any city 
whose population is less than seventy-five thousand 
(75,000), except by unanimous vote of the League. 

Sec. 4. No club shall be admitted unless it shall first 
have delivered to the Secretary of the League, at least 
five days before the annual meeting, a written application 
for membership, signed by its President and Secretary, 
accompanied by documents showing that such club bears 
the name of the city in which it is located, and that it is 
regularly organized and officered, and where the State 
law permits it, chartered. Such application shall at once 
be transmitted by the Secretary to the President of the 
League, who shall forthwith refer it to a committee of 
three members of the Board of Directors, appointed by 
him, who shall immediately investigate and report upon 
said application; said report to be communicated to the 
League through the Secretary. 



• 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



Sec. 5. The voting upon an application for member- 
ship shall be by white and black balls. Two black balls 
shall be sufficient to exclude the applicant, and no club 
shall be required, under any circumstances, to state how 
it voted upon such application. Such election shall take 
place at the annual meeting of the League: Provided. 
That should any eligible club desire to join the League 
after the adjournment of the annual meeting, and before 
March 1st following, it may make application in writing 
to the Secretary of the League, who shall at once com- 
municate snch application, together with any facts in his 
possession concerning such applicant, to the President of 
the League, who shall refer it to a special committee of 
the Board, as provided in Section 4 of this Article; 
and upon receipt by the Secretary of the report of said 
committee, he shall transmit such application and report 
to all League clubs, each of whom shall within ten days, 
transmit one written ballot, for or against the admission 
of such applicant, to the Secretary, and if two adverse 
ballots be not cast, then the Secretary shall, upon receipt 
of the annual dues, notify such club of its election. 

Sec. G. In case any League club shall forfeit its mem- 
bership during the championship season, the Board of 
Directors shall elect a club member of the League Alli- 
ance to temporary membership in the league, which elec- 
tion shall entitle such temporary club member, without 
the payment of League club dues, to play all the cham- 
pionship schedule games remaining unplaycd by the re- 
tired League club, upon the same terms and conditions as 
League clubs, except that such games shall not count in 
the championship series, and such temporary membership 
shall terminate with the expiration of the championship 
season. 

Sec. 7. The umpires, managers and players employed 
by the clubs belonging to this League shall be considered 
and treated as members hereof to the extent of being 
always amenable to the provisions of this Constitution, 
and entitled to all its privileges in matters of dispute, 
grievance or discipline, as provided in this Constitution. 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



Sec. 8. The clubs and players of the League Alli- 
ance are hereby declared to be honorary members of this 
League. 

Sec. D. The membership of any League club shall be 
forfeited: 

1. By voluntary withdrawal. 

2. By disbandment. 

3. By offering, agreeing, conspiring, or attempting to 
lose any game of ball, or failing to immediately expel any 
player who shall be pr >ven guilty of offering, agreeing, 
conspiring or attempting to lose any game of ball, or of 
being interested in any pool or wager thereon. 

4. By taking part in any game of ball on Sunday, or 
allowing any game of ball to be played upon its grounds 
on Sunday, or failing to immediately expel any person 
under contract with it who shall at any time during the 
term of his service, take part as umpire, player, or scorer 
in any game of ball on Sunday. 

5. By selling, or allowing to be sold, upon its grounds 
or in any building owned or occupied by it, at any time 
during the championship season, any spirituous, vinous, 
or malt liquors. 

G. By allowing open betting, or pool selling, upon its 
grounds, or in any building owned or occupied by it. 

7. By employing or presenting as umpire, manager or 
player, any person disqualified or ineligible under any 
provision of this Constitution. 

^ 8. By playing any game of ball with any club that is 
disqualified or ineligible under any provision of this 
Constitution. 

D. By failing to present its nine at the time and place 
agreed upon to play any championship frame, unless the 
failure be caused by an unavoidable accident in traveling. 

10. By failing to pay to the visiting elub the amount 
due such elub under the provisions of Article X, Section 
8, of this Constitution. 



8 CONSTITUTION OP THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 

11. By failing to pay its annual dues on or before the 
first day of May of each year. 

12. By failing or refusing to comply with any lawful 
requirement or order of the Board of Directors. 

13. By wilfully Violating any provision of this Con- 
stitution, or of the Flaying Rules adopted hereunder. 

Sec. 10. The Honorary membership of any League 
Alliance club shall be forfeited: 

1. By voluntary withdrawal. 

2. By disbandment. 

3. By failing to pay its annual dues. 

4. By failing to pay to the League club the amount 
due such club under the provisions of Article X, Section 
11, of this Constitution. 

5. By any violation of any of the provisions of Article 
VII, of this Constitution. 

Sec. 11. The membership of any umpire, manager or 
player of this League or of the League Alliance, shall be 
forfeited upon the disqualification of such umpire, man- 
ager or player, under any of the provisions of this Con- 
stitution. 

Sec. 12. To carry into effect the provisions of Sec- 
tions 9, 10 and 11 of this article, the facts in any case 
covered by such sections must be reported to the Secre- 
tary of the League, who shall at once telegraph the party 
charged with the specified offence, inquiring whether any 
dispute exists as to the facts alleged. In case the facts 
are disputed, the Board shall at once try the case under 
sueh regulations as they may prescribe, and submit their 
findings to each League club, which shall transmit to the 
Secretary written ballots "For Expulsion/' or " Against 
Expulsion," and if two-thirds of all League clubs vote " For 
Expulsion," the secretary shall notify all League and 
League Alliance clubs of the forfeiture of membership of 
the party charged, and every club shall, on and after the 
receipt of such notice, govern its intercourse with such 
expelled member by the prohibitions and penalties pre- 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE HALL CLUBS. 9 

scribed by tbis Constitution. Provided, (I) In all cases 
where the facts do not admit of dispute (as in case of 
non-payment of dues), or where no reply to the Secre- 
tary's dispatch to the party charged with the offence is 
received by him within twenty-four hours, or where the 
facts arc not disputed, the Secretary shall forthwith issue 
his notice of forfeiture of membership without submitting 
the matter to the Board or to the League; (2) In all 
cases where the League Alliance alone is concerned, the 
vote of League Alliance instead of League clubs shall 
be obtained. 

Seo. 13. Any club, umpire, manager or player, hav- 
ing forfeited membership, shall not be readmitted except 
by unanimous vote of the League. 

ARTICLE IV. 

DUES. 

Section 1. Every League club shall pay to the Secre- 
tary of the League, on or before the first day of May of 
each year, the sum of One Hundred Dollars, as annual 
dues. 

Sec. 2. Every League Alliance club shall pay to the 
Secretary of the League, as annual dues for the current 
year, on joining the League Alliance, and thereafter 
yearly, on or before the first day of May, the sum of 
twenty-five dollars. 

ARTICLE V. 



OFFICERS. 

Section 1. At its annual meeting, the League shall 
elect a President by ballot. The President shall be ex- 
officio chairman of the Board of Directors. He shall 
preside at all meetings of the League, and shall call 
special meetings of the League when he may deem it 
necessary, or when thereto requested by half of the clubs, 
of the League. 



10 



CONSTITUTION OB 1 THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



Sec. 2. The affairs of this League shall be conducted 
and controlled by five Directors, who shall constitute 
"The Board," and who shall consist of the President 
and four members, to be chosen at the annual meet- 
ing in the following manner: The name of each club 
except that of which the President is a member, shall 
be plainly written upon a card, in full view of the 
delegates present, by the Secretary; the cards to be 
of the same size, shape, color, and material. The cards 
shall then be placed in some suitable receptacle and well 
shaken together; thereupon four of these cards shall be 
drawn successively, and at random, and one delegate from 
each of the four clubs whose names are so drawn, shall, 
with the President, compose the Board, and if any club 
whose name is thus drawn be represented by two dole- 
gates, such delegation shall name one of its number to be 
a member of the Board. 

Sec. 3. No person shall be qualified to act as Direct- 
or who is not an actual member of the club he represents; 
nor shall any club, under any circumstances, be repre- 
sented by more than one person on the Board. 

Sec. 4. The Board shall have the general supervision 
and management of all tlie affairs and business of the 
League, and shall be individually answerable to the 
League for the faithful discharge of their trust. 

Sec. 5. The Board shall meet annually on the evening 
of the first Tuesday in December, at the place where 
the annual meeting of the League is to be held, but may 
hold special meetings whenever urgent necessity may 
require. 

Sec. G. The Board shall prepare a detailed report of 
all their doings, and present the same, in writing, to 
the League, at its annual meeting, which report shall, 
if accepted, be filed with the Secretary, together with 
all ( fficial papers, documents and property which may have 
come into their possession by virtue of their office. 

Sec. 7. Any Director who shall disclose or publish any 
of the proceedings of the Board, except officially through 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



11 



the report of the Board, or when called upon by vote of 
the League, shall forfeit his office. 

Sec. 8. In case of a vacancy in the Board by reason 
of the death, resignation, absence, or disqualification of 
any Director, the club of which he was a member at the 
time he was chosen shall designate his successor, and at 
once notify the Secretary. But if such vacancy is caused 
by the withdrawal, disbanding or disqualification of a club 
represented on the Board, the Board may fill the vacancy 
by election in the same manner as provided fur the elec- 
tion of Directors in Section 2 of this article. 

Sec. 9. The Board shall elect a gentleman of intelli- 
gence, honesty and good repute, who is versed in base 
ball matters, but who is not in any manner connected 
with the press, and who is not a member of any profes- 
sional base ball club, either in or out of the League, to 
be the Secretary of the Board, and of the League. 

Sec. 10. The Secretary shall be the Treasurer of the 
League, and as such shall be the custodian of all funds of 
the League, receive all dues, fees and assessments, make 
such payments as shall be ordered by the Board, or 
by vote of the League, and render annually a report of 
his accounts. 

Sec. 11. The Secretary shall have the custody and 
care of the official records and papers of the League; shall 
keep a true record of all meetings of the League and the 
Board, shall issue all official notices and attend to the 
necessary correspondence; he shall prepare and furnish 
such reports as may be called for by the Board, and 
shall be entitled to such books, stationary, blanks and 
materials as the actual duties of his office may require. 

Sec. 12. The Secretary shall receive such salary as 
the League, by vote, shall determine, and shall be reim- 
bursed for all traveling expenses actually incurred by 
him in the service of the League; and the Board may 
exact from him such guarantees for the faithful perform- 
ance of his duties as they may deem for the interest and 
safety of the League. At the expiration of his term of 



12 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



office, he shall account for and deliver up to the Board 
all the property and papers which may have come into his 
hands by virtue of his office. 

ARTICLE VI. 

LEAGUE CLUBS, UMPIRES, MANAGERS AND PLAYERS. 

Section 1. Each club belonging to this League shall 
have the right to regulate its own affairs, to make its 
own contracts, to establish its own rules, and to discipline, 
punish, suspend, or expel its own manager, players or 
other employes, and these powers shall not be limited to 
cases of dishonest play or open insubordination, but shall 
include all questions of carelessness, indifference, or other 
conduct of the player that may be regarded by the club 
as prejudicial to its interests: Provided \ That nothing 
shall be done in violation of, or contrary to this Consti- 
tution, or the Playing Rules. 

Sec. 2. Every club member of this League shall have 
exclusive control of the city in which it is located, and of 
the territory surrounding such city to the extent of four 
miles in every direction from its corporate limits, and no 
visiting League club shall, under any circumstances — not 
even with the consent of the local League club, until all 
League championship games on that ground shall have 
been finished, be allowed to play any club in such terri- 
tory other than the League club therein located. 

Sec. 3. Any agreement between a club and a mana- 
ger or player for services by the manager or player, and 
compensation therefor by the club, must be executed in 
the form of contract adopted by the League, and the 
Secretary of the League shall, upon application, furnish 
each League club a suitable supply of the printed forms 
of contract adopted by the League, and no player not 
under such contract shall be eligible to play in a League 
game, except that in case a player shall meet with an 
accident, or be expelled by his club, any player who is not 
otherwise disqualified, under the provisions of this Con- 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 13 

stitution, may take the place of such expelled or injured 
player, but such player shall not be eligible to play for 
more than five consecutive days without the contract and 
notice thereof required by this Article. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of a club, as soon as it 
shall have entered into a contract with a manager or 
player, to transmit said contract to the Secretary of the 
League. If the Secretary shall find the contract to be in 
the form adopted by the League, he shall indorse upon 
it his certificate to that effect, together with the date 
of its receipt by him, and at once return it to the con- 
tracting club. 

The Secretary shall also enter upon his records the 
names of the contracting club, and manager or player, and 
immediately notify all other League clubs of such con- 
tract. In no case shall the Secretary give such certifi- 
cate or give notice of such contract unless it comply, in 
all respects, with the form of contract adopted by the 
League, and no contract shall be regarded as valid or 
binding until it* bears the Secretary's certificate as herein 
provided. 

Sec. 5. Whenever a club releases a manager or player 
from his contract, or suspends or expels him, that club 
shall at once notify the Secretary of the League in writ- 
ing, stating, in case of suspension or expulsion, the cause 
thereof, and the Secretary shall forthwith notify all other 
clubs. 

Sec. 6. A manager or player who has been released 
from his contract without suspension or expulsion, may 
engage with any other club twenty days from the date 
of the reception by the Secretary of the notice of such 
release. 

Sec. 7. A manager or player whose contract has be- 
come void by reason of his club's disbanding, withdraw- 
ing from or losing its membership in the League, may 
immediately engage for the remainder of the season with 
any other League club. 

Sec. 8. No manager or player who has been suspended 



14 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



or expelled from a League club shall, at any time there- 
after, be allowed to play with or serve any League club 
(either the one expelling him or any other) unless the 
term of suspension has expired, or upon his appeal to the 
Board, such suspension or expulsion shall have been set 
aside. 

Sec. 9. No club shall employ as umpire, manager, 
scorer, or player, any person who has wilfully violated 
any provision of this Constitution, or of the Playing 
Rules, or who has been expelled from any club belonging 
to this League, or who shall be disqualified from playing 
with a club under any provision of this Constitution. 

Sec. 10. No game of ball shall be played between a 
League club and any other club that has forfeited its 
membership in this League. No game of ball shall be 
played between a League club and any other club employ- 
ing or presenting in its nine a player expelled, or under 
suspension, from the League. Nor shall any League 
club play any club that has, at any time during the same 
playing season, played a game of ball with any other club 
employing or presenting in its nine any player expelled 
or suspended from the League: Provided, That in case 
the club employing such expelled or suspended League 
player shall discharge such player from its service, League 
clubs may thereafter play against such club, and against 
other clubs that may have played such club while em- 
ploying such player. 

Sec. 11. Any manager or player, under contract with 
a League club, who shall without the written consent 
of such club, leave its service, or who shall be proven 
guilty of offering, agreeing, conspiring, or attempting to 
lose any game of ball, or of being interested in any pool 
or wager thereon, shall be at once expelled by such club. 

Sec. 12. Any person under contract with a League 
club, who shall be guilty of drunkenness or insubordination, 
or of any dishonorable or disreputable conduct (except 
the offences requiring expulsion specified in Section 11) 
may be suspended by such club for the remainder of the 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 15 

playing season, or for the remainder of that and all of the 
ensuing playing season, at the option of such club; and, 
during the period of said suspension, such player shall be 
disqualified from playing in or against any League club. 
Sec. 13. Any person who shall be proven guilty of 
offering, agreeing, conspiring, or attempting to cause any 
game of ball to result otherwise than on its merits under 
the playing rules, or who, while acting as umpire, shall 
wilfu ly viola e any provision of the Constitution, or of 
the Playing Rules adopted hereunder, shall be forever 
disqualified from acting as umpire of any game of ball 
participated in by a League club. 

ARTICLE VIL 

THE LEAGUE ALLIANCE. 

Section 1. Clubs whose organization and conduct 
are not inconsistent with the objects of this League, as 
expressed in Article II of this Constitution, and who are 
also eligible under the provisions of this Article, and who 
shall have filed with the Secretary of the League an agree- 
ment duly executed in the following form, shall be recog- 
nized as constituting " The League Alliance." 

Sec 2. form of " league alliance " agreement. 

7/ )S Irrehij Agrce<l>h>j the Parties hereto, as follows: 

1. No club that is a party hereto shall employ or 
play in its nine any player to whose services any other 
club that is a party hereto, may be entitled by contract. 

2. Any player under contract with any club that is a 
party hereto, who shall, without the written consent of such 
club, leave its Forvicc, or fail to perform his contract, or 
who shall be proven guilty of disreputable conduct, shall 
be at once expelled by such club. 

3. No club that is a party hereto shall play any game 
of ball with any base ball club whatever that shall employ 
or present in its nine any player that shall have been ex- 



16 CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 

pelled from any club that is a party hereto for breach of 
contract or disreputable conduct. 

4. Each club that is a party hereto shall, upon mak- 
ing a contract with a player, immedtntr!*/ notify the 

Ku e n ry ° f the National league of Professional * Base 
-Bali Clubs, such notice to be in writing, signed by the 
contracting club and the player, and, in the absence of 
such notice to such ojfirrr, mn/ ^hnjtr shall be deemed to 
be free from rout nut obligation. 

5. Each club that is-a party hereto shall, upon ex- 
felling a player from membershipj or releasing him from 
contract, notify the Secretary of the National League of 
Professional Base Ball Clubs, and in the absence of such 
notice to such officer, such player shall be deemed to be a 
member m good standing of the club whose notice of con- 
tract with such player had previously been transmitted to 
such officer, until the expiration of the term of such con- 
tract. 

6. The notices provided for in the last two preceding 
stipulations are required to be sent to the Secretary of 
the League, upon the understanding that such officer will 
immediately upon their receipt, communicate the same 
to all League clubs, as well as to all clubs that are parties 
to this agreement; and in the event of a failure or refus- 
al of such officer to perform such service, or bis discon- 
tinuance thereof, then the parties hereto shall devise 
other means for the performance of such service. 
h«L $***&& by the clubs that are parties 

Rult J-!'] v ? hiyt ; d , m **<"*««" with the Maying 
llules of the National League. 

8. All disputes that may arise between the clubs 

DirectX W v 1 '" 10 ". >a - V, " : sl|, "" i,t '' 1 '" ''"• »<«»rd of 
man £ , !' , N ; U "", '' '"• U1 "" ! ''"'• adJadicatioD, in the 
manner provided for by Section 4, Article VII, of it* 

final and binding npdn the dubs that are parties hereto. 

unon £5? T r""'" 1 8, ,' a " «° int0 cffect and >>e binding 
upon each club upon the date of its signature by such 



OP PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 17 

10. Each club that is a party hereto shall retain a 
copy of this agreement, and the original shall be deposit- 
ed with the Secretary of the National League. 

In Witness Whereof, The clubs that are parties 
hereto have, by their duly authorized representative, 
signed this agreement on the dates entered opposite their 
respective signatures. 

% 

18 
The Secretary of the " National League of Professional 
Base Ball Clubs" is hereby authorized to attach the fore- 
going instrument, bearing our signature, to the original 
written agreement, of the said text now in his custody, 
for the purpose of making the same a part and parcel of 
such original agreement, binding ourselves and all other 
club parties thereto. 

By 

18 
(See also Article IV, Section 2.) 

Sec. 3. The Secretary shall issue to all League and 
League Alliance clubs the notices referred to in the sixth 
clause of the League Alliance agreement, and shall per- 
form such other duties as may devolve upon him in fur- 
therance of the provisions of said agreement. 

Skc. 4. The Board shall, if thereunto requested by 
League Alliance Clubs, adjudicate disputes in the man- 
ner provided in Article VIII, so far as the provisions of 
that Article may be applicable thereto; Provided, That 
all communications must be addressed to the Secretary of 
the League. J 

Sec. 5. No League Club shall employ or play in its 
nine s any player to whose services any League Alliance 
Uub is entitled by contract evidenced by written notice 
player Cretar *> si S ned h J the contracting club and the 

cei^" 6 i The Lea S ue 8n all, at its annual meeting, re- 

cluhq a ??k C0 T nsidcr ar) y communication from a club or 

oi the League Alliance on matters affecting the in- 



18 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



terests of such club or clubs, and shall give a hearing to 
any delegation or delegations therefrom. 

Sec. 7. The Secretary shall receive and place on file 
the score of any game played between two League Alli- 
ance Clubs that may be forwarded to him, bearing the 
certificate of the umpire of such game, and stating the 
names of each club, the number of runs made by each, 
and number of innings played, and at the close of the sea- 
son, the Secretary shall prepare a tabular statement of 
such games, according to the statement so sent him 
(which statement shall be the sole evidence in the matter), 
and submit the same, with the statements so sent him, to 
the Board, who shall award the League Alliance Cham- 
pionship to the club which shall have won the great*; t 
number of such games. The Board shall make the 
award in writing, and report the same to the League at 
its annual meeting, and the League shall, thereupon, 
present such club with a suitable emblem of such cham- 
pionship. 

Sec. 8. No club that has forfeited its membership in 
the League, or that is connected with any organization of 
clubs other than the League or League Alliance, or that 
presents in its nine any player expelled from the League 
or League Alliance, shall be entitled to the benefits of 
this Article, and the Secretary shall notify all League 
and League Alliance clubs of any forfeiture of such bene- 
fits that may be incurred by the violation of any provision 
of this Article. x 

ARTICLE VIII. 

DISPUTES AND COMPLAINTS. 

Section 1 The Board of Directors shall be the solo 
tribunal to determine disputes between clubs; the facts 
to be submitted and the dispute adjudicated under such 
regulations as the Board shall prescribe in each case 
The finding of the Board shah \J fiual, and under no c-* 
cumstances shall be reconsidered, re-opencd or inquired 
into, either by the League or any subsequent Hoard 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



19 



Seo. 2. The Board shall at once consider any com- 
plaint preferred by a club against a manager or player of 
another club for conduct in violation of any provision of 
this Constitution or prejudicial to the good repute of the 
game of base ball, and shall have power to require the 
club to which such player may belong to discipline him, 
and, upon repetition of such offense, to expel him: Pro- 
vided, That such complaint be preferred in writing, giv- 
ing such particulars as may enable the Board to ascertain 
all the facts, and be transmitted to the Secretary, by 
whom it shall at once be referred to the Board. 

Seo. 3. The Board shall also be the sole tribunal for 
the hearing of an appeal made by any person who shall 
have been expelled or suspended by his club, or for an 
alleged breach of contract. The matter shall be proceeded 
with in the following manner : Such person shall file 
with the Secretary a written statement of his defense, 
accompanied by a request that an appeal be allowed him. 
The Secretary shall notify the club of the request for an 
appeal, accompanying such notice with a copy of the 
appeal, and, at the next annual meeting, the club, and the 
person expelled or suspended, shall appear before the 
Bpard with their testimony. The Board shall impartially 
hear the matter and render their decision, which shall be 
final and forever binding on both club and player. 

Sec. 4. No Director shall sit in the trial of a cause in 
which his club is interested. 

Sec. 5. Any expenses of. trials or arbitrations shall be 
borne equally by the parties to the controversy. 

ARTICLE IX 

PLAVIXC, BULKS. 

The League at its firs; meeting shall adopt a code of 
1 laving Rules, which shall continue in force, subject only 
to such alterations or amendments as may be made at 
subsequent annual meetings of the League. 



20 



CONSTITUTION OP THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



ARTICLE X. 



( HA.UPIONSHIP. 



Section 1. The Championship of the United States, 
established by this League, shall be contended for yearly 
by the clubs composing this League. 

Sec. 2. The championship season shall extend from 
the 1st day of May to (and including) the 1st day of 
October, and no game shall count in the championship 
series unless played during the championship season. 

Sec. 3. Every game played between two clubs from 
the commencement of the championship season to the 
completion of the championship series, between such 
clubs, shall be a game for the championship (unless 
played on Sunday), and no League club shall lend or ex- 
change players, to or with each other, for any game played 
during the championship season. 

Sec. 4. Each club shall play the following number of 
championship games (and no more) with every other club: 
If six clubs be members of the League on the first day of 
the championship season, sixteen games; if eight clubs, 
twelve games; Provided, however, that if any game be 
prevented by rain, or if a tie or drawn game be played, 
the visiting club shall play off such tie or drawn game, or 
game prevented by rain, on the first succeeding day (not 
counting Sundays, days previously agreed upon for cham- 
pionship games between said clubs, or days when rain 
renders playing impossible), unless such succeeding day 
must necessarily be occupied by such visiting club in 
traveling to another city to play a championship game 
with another League club upon a day fixed by the cham- 
pionship schedule, in which latter case only, the visiting 
club shall not be required to extend its stay, or to again 
visit such city for the sole purpose of playing off such tie 
or drawn game, or game prevented by rain. 

Sec. 5. Each club shall be entitled to have half of 
the championship series of games with every other club 
played on its own grounds, and in all the details of such 



OP PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



21 



games that do not involve the rights of the visiting club 
under the Playing Rules, but relate solely to such games 
as attractive exhibitions to the patrons of the home club, 
the visiting club shall defer to the wishes of the home 
club, and the visiting club shall furnish to a person desig- 
nated by the home club the batting order of its nine by 
nine o'clock on the morning of the day of each game. 

Sec. G. All championship games shall be arranged for 
in writing, and so as to complete the championship series 
by the expiration of the championship season. Such 
written arrangement shall be made by such method as the 
League shall direct, before the beginning of the cham- 
pionship season, and shall consist of a schedule and agree- 
ment relating thereto, which agreement shall be signed 
by every League club, and the schedule and agreement 
filed with the Secretary of the League, and a copy there- 
of, bearing his certificate as to its correctness, furnished 
by the Secretary to every League club. The schedule 
shall provide for an equal number of return games, and 
specify the date of each game, and the dates of each 
series of games. No date in said schedule shall subse- 
quently be changed, except (1) by written agreement of 
two clubs, from a date fixed by the schedule for a game 
between such clubs, to another day within the dates of 
the same schedule series between such clubs; or (2) as 
provided in Section 4 of this Article; or (3) by the 
written consent of all the League clubs. 

Sko. 7. The price of admission to championship 
games shall be fifty cents for each adult person, and no 
money or tickets paid for admission shall be refunded in 
any ease in which the game is prevented or interrupted 
by rain. 

Sec. 8. At the conclusion of each championship 
game, the home club shall transmit by mail to the proper 
officer of the visiting club, a statement of the receipts of 
said game, and shall pay to the authorized agent of such 
visiting club the sum of fifteen (15) cents for each and 
every person admitted to the grounds to witness such 



22 



CONSTITUTION OP THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



game or any part thereof, or admitted to the grounds for 
any other purpose during or prior to such game, or the 
hour appointed therefor; excepting only players of the 
contesting clubs, and policemen in uniform. 

The number of persons admitted to the grounds shall 
be determined by the use of the necessary number of self- 
registering turnstiles, the keys of which shall be delivered 
to the agent of the visiting club before the opening of 
the grounds for each game, and said agent of the visiting 
elub shall have a right to affix a seal to the register, or 
box, of such turnstile. 

To entitle the visiting club to the payment herein 
specified, it shall be sufficient for the visiting club to pre- 
sent its nine upon the grounds at the hour appointed, 
and prepared to play the game in the absence of rain. 

SeG* 9. The visiting club shall pay the Umpire of eaeh 
championship game a fee of five dollars, and shall also 
pay all expenses incurred in securing the attendance of 
such Umpire. 

Skc. 10. No game shall be played between League 
clubs before the commencement of the championship 
series. 

SeO. 11. No game shall be played between any League 
club and any Non-League club or picked nine, upon the 
grounds of any League club, from the commencement to 
the completion of the championship series upon such 
grounds; no game shall be arranged or played between 
any League and Non-League clubs or picked nines for or 
upon any "off days 1 ' of the championship series, except 
as above provided, and upon the following express 
conditions: 

1. If a League championship game be prevented by 
rain or unavoidable accident on the day (not counting 
Sunday) preceding the day agreed upon for such Non- 
League or picked nine ^ame, then the latter shall be de- 
clared off, so as to allow the League clubs to play the 
championship game on that day. 

2. AH such games shall be played under the Playing 






OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 23 

Rules of the League, with a League ball to be furnished 
by the League club. 

3. The Non-League club shall pay the League club, 
for each game actually played, and immediately upon the 
termination of such game, the sum of one hundred dol- 
lars, or one-half the gross receipts of such game, in case 
the gross receipts shall exceed two hundred dollars; and 
the Non-League club shall pay the League club fifty dol- 
lars in every case where a League club shall present its 
nine in the city or town of such Non-League club, pre- 
pared to play at the time appointed for such game, and 
the game be prevented by rain, or by any cause other 
than the refusal by such League club to play such game. 
In the event of the refusal or failure of any No n -League 
club to pay the sum, or sums, due, as herein stipulated, 
the League club shall at once telegraph such fact* to the 
Secretary of the League, who shall forthwith notify all 
other League clubs, by telegraph, and no League club 
shall thereafter play such defaulting club until the full 
amount due be paid the League club, which League club 
shall, in case of such payment, notify the Secretary, and 
he the other League clubs, by telegraph. 

4. In any case not covered by the first condition 
specified in this section, a League club having agreed to 
play a Non-League club upon the grounds of the latter, 
and failing to present its nine in the city or town of such 
Non- League club, prepared to play at the time appointed 
for such game, the League club shall pay the Non- 
League club the sum of fifty dollars as the penalty of 
such default. 

Sec. 12. A club shall be entitled to forfeited games 
— to count in its series as games won by a score of nine 
runs to none — in cases where the umpire in any cham- 
pionship game shall award the game to such club on ac- 
count of the violation by the contesting club of any play- 
ing rule of this League. 

^Seo. 13. Drawn, tie, and postponed games shall not 
count in the series as games, but must be played off, if 



24 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



possible, as provided in Section i } of this Article. If 
they cannot be played off as therein provided, they may 
subsequently be played off if sufficient time exist before 
the close of the season. 

Sec. 14. The club which shall have won the greatest 
number of games in the championship series, shall be de- 
clared the champion club of the United States for the 
season in which such games were played. In the event 
that two or more clubs shall have won the same number 
of games, then the club which shall lnvc lost the small- 
est number shall be declared the champion. 

The emblem of the championship shall be a pennant 
(of the national colors), to cost not less than one hun- 
dred dollars ($100). It shall be inscribed with the motto, 
"Champion Base Ball Club of the United States," with 
the name of the club and the year in which the title was 
won; and the champion club shall be entitled to fly the 
pennant until the cose of the ensuing season. 

Sec. 15. The championship shall be decided in the 
following manner, namely: 

Within twenty-four hours after every match game played 
for the championship, the home club shall prepare and for- 
ward to the Secretary of the League a statement con- 
taining the full score of the game, according to the sys-. 
tern specified in the "Playing Rules/' the date, place 
where played, and the names of the clubs and umpire: 
Provided, That no tie or drawn game shall be considered 
" a game " for any purpose, nor shall the score thereof be 
forwarded to the Secretary, and Provided farther, that in 
any case where the Secretary shall not receive the score 
of a championship game within five days af<er the play- 
ing of such game, the club whose duty it is to forward 
such score shall pay to the League the sum of ten dollars 
as the penalty of such default. 

At the close of the season, the Secretary shall prepare 
a tabular statement of the games won and lost by each 
club, according to the statements so sent him (which 
statements shall be the sole evidence in the matter), and 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



25 



submit the same, with the statements so sent him, to the 
Board, who shall make the award in writing, and report 
the same to the League at its annual meeting. In mak- 
ing the award the Board shall consider: 

1. The tabular statement of the Secretary. 

2. Forfeited games. 

3. Games participated in by clubs which have with- 
drawn, disbanded or forfeited their membership without 
completing their championship series with all other 
League clubs; such games shall be counted to the follow- 
ing extent, namely: The Board shall ascertain the least 
number of championship games played by such club with 
any club remaining in the League, and shall, from the 
first games participated in during the championship sea- 
son, by such retired club, count in the series of each 
League club a similar number of games, and all other 
games participated in by such retired club shall not be 
counted in the championship series: Provided, That if 
such retired club shall have failed to play at least one 
championship game with every League club, all games 
participated in by it shall be thrown out entirely. 

ARTICLE XL 



ANNUAL MEETING. 

Section 1, The annual meeting of the League shall 
be held on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in 
December of each year, at twelve o'clock noon, and at 
such place as shall be determined by vote at the previous 
annual meeting. 

Sec. 2, At such meeting each club shall be entitled 
to two representatives; but no club shall be permitted to 
send as a representative any person under contract or en- 
gagement as a ball player, and belonging to the nine of 
such club in said capacity; they shall present a certificate 
from the President or Secretary of their club, showing 
their authority to act; but no club shall have more than 
one vote. 



26 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



Sec. 3. A representation of a majority of clubs shall 
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, hut 
a less number may adjourn from time to time until a quo- 
rum is obtained. 

Sec, 4. The following shall be the order of business. 

1. Reading minutes of last meeting. 

2. Report of Board of Directors. 

3. Election of new members. 

4. Amendment of Constitution. 

5. Amendment of Playing Rules. 
0. Election of Officers. 

7. Miscellaneous business. 

8. Adjournment. 

ARTICLE XII. 



AMENDMENTS. 



The Constitution or Playing Rules of this League may 
be altered or amended by a two-thirds vote of the League 
at any annual meeting. 






INDEX 

TO 

RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



THE MATERIALS OF THE GAME. 

RULE 

The Ground 1 

The Infield 2 

The Bases 3 

The Foul Lines 4 

The Pitcher's Lines 5 

The Catcher's Lines f> 

The Captain's Lines 7 

The Player's Linos. 8 

The Batsman's Lines 9 

The Lines must be marked 10 

The Ball 11 

of what composed ..(I) 11 

furnished by Home Club (2) 11 

replaced if inj ured (3) 11 

lost (4) 11 

The Bat 12 

FIELD RULES. 

No Open Betting or Pool-selling allowed upon Grounds.. IS 

Sale of Liquor Prohibited upon Grounds 14 

No person allowed upon the Field during a Game. 15 

Players In Uniform not permitted to seat themselves 

among the Spectators 16 

The Umpire the sole Judge of Play, etc 17 

Field must be kept clear. IB 

No Manager, Captain or Player to address the audience. 19 



28 INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS 

THE PLAYERS AND THEIR POSITIONS. 

Players must be Nine on each side 20 

Players' positions 21 

in the field ..(1) 21 

at the bat (2) 21 

Batsman's position (3) 21 

privilege (4) 21 

DEFINITIONS. 

A High Ball 22 

A Low Ball %\ 

A High or Low Ball 24 

A Fair Ball 25 

An Unfair Ball . . . 26 

A Bal k 27 

A Foul Balk 28 

A Dead Ball 29 

A Fair Hit 30 

A Foul Hit 31 

A Strike.. 32 

A Foul Strike 33 

Play 34 

Time. 35 

•Game 36 

An Inning 37 

A time at bat 38 

Legal or Legally 39 

THE GAME. 

Number of Innings 40 

Drawn Game 41 

Forfeited Game . . 42 

" No Game " 43 

Substitute for Player 44 

Choice of first Innings >• 45 

Games must begin "Play" 46 

be suspended " Time " 46 

( 46 

Rain... ,.J 40 

( 41-43 

Batsman must call for ball he wants. 47 

When Umpire must call Unfair Balls 47 

Strikes 47 

When Batsman is out 48 

" " becomes Base-Runner 49 



OP PROFESSIONAL BASE HALL CLUBS. 29 

* 

Base-Runner must touch bases in order 50 

" " entitled to hold base 50 

" " entitled to take one base .51 

No substitute allowed lor Base-Runner f>4 

Win n Base-Runner is out 5:J 

When Umpire shall declare player out 5 t 

Dead Ball, effect of ,v> 

When run shall be tcored 5(j 

Fines on Pitcher {,7 

* ( any Player < ;j 

Player not to address Umpire 5tf 

u '-' Audience 19 

" " use Improper Language (j:i 

" to obey Umpire's Orders. ., (j-J 

TOE UMPIRE. 

Selection of Umpire 50 

Umpire's Duties 

Special Ground Rules (1) 00 

Reversal of Decision (2) GO 

Notice of Fine \ . .(3) j [Ifj 

Notice of Forfeited Game .(3) 00 

Umpire shall not be changed, except 01 

'* " be expelled if 62 

Umpire's Jurisdiction and Powers 6;> 

Scoring 04 

CONSTRUCTION AND AMENDMENT. 

Construction of Rules 05 

Amendment of Rules. O'i 



PLAYING RULES 

01 THE 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 



PROFESSIONAL BASE-BALL CLUBS 
1881. 



ADOPTED IN PURSUANCE OF ARTICLE IX OF THE 
LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 

CLASS I. 
THE MATERIALS OF THE GAME. 

Rule 1. The Ground must be an inclosed field, 
sufficient in size to enable each player to play in his 
position as required by these Rules. 

Rule 2. The Infield must be a space of ground 
thirty yards square. 

Rule 3. The Bases must be 

(1) Four in number, and designated as First Base, 
Second Base, Third Base and Home Base. 

(2) The Home Base must be of white marble or white 
stone, twelve inches square, so fixed in the ground as to 
be even with the surface, and so placed in a corner of the 
infield that two of its sides will form part of the bound- 
aries of said infield. 

(3) The First, Second and Third Bases must be can- 
vas bags, fifteen inches square, painted white, and filled 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 31 

with some soft material, and so placed that the center of 
each shall be upon a separate corner of the infield, the 
First Base at the right, the Second Base opposite, and 
the Third Base at the left of the Home Base. 

(4) All the Bases must be securely fastened in their 
positions, and so placed as to be distinctly seen by the 
Umpire. 

Rule 4. The Foul Lines must be drawn in 
straight lines from the outer corner of the Home Base 
thrnu^h the center of the positions of First and Third 
Base**! to the boundaries of the Ground. 

Rule 5. The Pitcher's Lines must be straight 
lines forming the boundaries of a space of ground, in the 
infield, six feet long by four feet wide, distant fifty feet 
from the center of the Home Base, and so placed that the 
six feet lines would each be two feet distant from and 
parallel with, a straight line passing through the center 
of the Home and Second Bases. Each corner of this 
space must be marked by a flat iron plate or stone, six 
inches square, fixed in the ground even with the surface. 

Rule 6. The Catcher's Lines must be drawn 

from th> outer coiner of the Home Base, in continuation 
of the Foul Lines, straight to the limits of the groaud 
back of i he Home Base. 
Rule 7. The Captain's Lines must be drawn 

from the Catcher's Lines to the Limits of the ground, 
fifteen feet Protn and parallel with the Foul Lines. 
Rule 8. The Player's Lines must be drawn 

from the Catcher's Lines to the limits of the ground, 
fifty feet from and parallel with the Foul Lines. 

Rule 9. The Batsman's Lines must be straight 
lines forming the boundaries of a space on the right, and 
of a similar space on the left of the Home Base, six feet 
long by three feet wide, extending three feet in front of 
and three feet behind the center of the Home Base, and 
with its nearest line distant one foot from the Home 
Base. 

Rule 10. The linos designated in Rules 4, 5, 



32 PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



6, 7, 8, and 9 must be marked with chalk or other suit- 
able material, so as to be distinctly sen by the Umpire. 
They must all be so marked their entire length, exespt 
the Captain's and Player's Lines, which must be so 
marked for a distance of at least thirty-five yards from 
the Catcher's Lines. 
Rule 11. The Ball 

(1) Must weigh not less than five nor more than five 
and one-quarter ounces avoirdupois, and measure not less 
than nine nor more than nine and one-quarter inches in 
circumference. It must be composed of woolen yarn, and 
contain not more than one ounce of vulcanized rubber in 
mould form, and be covered with leather. It must be fur- 
nished by the Secretary of the League, whose seal shall 
be final evidence of the legality of the ball. 

(2) In all games the ball or balls played with shall be 
furnished by the Home Club, and become the property of 
the winning club. 

(3) Should the ball become out of shape, or cut or 
ripped so as to expose the yarn, or in any way so injured 
as to be unfit for fair use, a new ball shall be called for 
by the Umpire at the end of an even innings.* 

(4) Should the ball be lost during the game, the Um- 
pire shall, at the expiration of five minutes, call for a 
new ball. 

Rule 12. The Bat 

(1) Must be made wholly of wood. 

(2) It must be round; must not exceed two and one- 
half inches in diameter in the thickest part, and must 
not exceed forty-two inches in length. 

PLAYING RULES. 
CLASS II. 

FIELD BULKS, 

Rule 13. No Club shall allow open betting or 
pool selling upon its grounds, nor in any building owned 
or occupied by it. 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 33 

Rule 14. No Club shall sell or allow to be sold 
upon its grounds, nor in any bu'lding owned or occupied 
by it, any spirituous, vinous, or malt liquors. 

Rule 15. No person shall be allowed upon any 
part of the field during the progress of the game, in addi- 
tion to the nine planers on each side and the umpire, except 
.such office* of the law as may be present in Jtni/orm to 
preserve the peace. 

Rule 16. Players in uniform shall not be per- 
mitted to seat themselves among the spectators. 

Rule 17. The umpire is the sole judge of play, 
and is entitled to the respect of the spectators, and any 
person hissing or hooting at, or offering any insult or in- 
dignity to him, must be promptly ejected from the 
grounds. 

Rule 18. Every Olub shall furnish sufficient 
police force upon its own grounds to preserve order, and 
in the event of a crowd entering the field during the prog- 
ress of a game, and interfering with the play in any man- 
ner, the visiting club may refuse to play further until the 
field be cleared; and if the ground be not cleared within 
fifteen minutes thereafter, the visiting club may claim, 
and shall be entitled to, the game by a score of nine runs 
to none (no matter what number of innings have been 
played.) 

Rule 19. No Manager, Captain, or Player 
shall address the audience during the progress of a game, 
except in case of necessary explanation. 

CLASS III. 

thr: players and their positions. 

Rule 20. The Players of each club, in a match 
game, shall be nine in number, one of whom shall be the 
Captain. 

Rule 2 1 . The Players' Positions shall be 

(1) When in the field (designated " Fielders " in these 



^mmBBBS**m 



34 



PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



Rules) such as may be assigned them by their Captain, 
except that the Pitcher must take his position within 
the Pitcher's Lines, as defined in Rule 5. 

(2) When their side is at the bat they must remain 
outside the Players' Lines, as defined in Rule 8, except 
that the Captain and one assistant only may occupy the 
space between said Players' Lines and the Captain's 
Lines, as defined in Rule 7, to coach base runners. 

(3) The Batsmen must take their positions within the 
Batsman's Lines, as defined in Rule 0, in the order in 
which they are named on the score, which must contain 
the batting order of both nines, and must be followed ex- 
cept in case of disability of a player, in which case the 
substitute must take the place of the disabled player in 
the batting order. 

(4) No player of the side at bat, except when Bats- 
man, shall occupy any portion of the space within the 
Catcher's Lines as defined in Rule 6. 

CLASS IV. 

DEFINITIONS. 

Rule 22. A High Ball is a ball legally delivered 
by the Pitcher, over the Home Base, higher than the 
belt of the Batsman, but not higher than his shoulder. 

Rule 23. A Low Ball is a ball legally delivered 
by the Pitcher, over the Home Base, not higher than the 
Batsman's belt, nor lower than his knee. 

Rule 24. A High or Low Ball is a ball legally 
delivered by the Pitcher, over the Home Base, not 
higher than the Batsman's shoulder, nor lower than his 
knee. 

Rule 25- A Fair Ball is a ball delivered by the 
Pitcher, while wholly within the lines of his position and 
facing the Batsman, with his arm swinging nearly per- 
pendicular by his side and his hand passing below his 
waist, and the ball passsing over (he Home Base at the 
height called for by the Batsman. 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 35 

Rule 26. An Unfair Ball is a ball delivered by 
the Pitcher as in Rule 25, except that the ball does not 
pass over the Home Base, or does not pass over the Home 
Base at the height called for by the Batsman. 

Rule 27. A Balk is 

(!) A motion made by the Pitcher to deliver the ball 
to the bat without delivering it, except the ball be acci- 
dentally dropped, or 

(2) The ball be held by the Pitcher so long as to de- 
lay the game unnecessarily, or 

(3) Delivered to the bat by the Pitcher when any 
part of his person is upon ground outside the lines of his 
position. 

Rule 28. A Foul Balk is a ball delivered to the 
bat by the Pitcher by an overhand throw, or by any 
swing of the arm or hand other than that prescribed in 
Rule 25. 

Rule 29. A Dead Ball is a ball delivered to the 
bat by the Pitcher, that touches the Batsman's bat with- 
out being struck at, or any part of the Batsman's person 
while standing in his position, without being struck at, or 
any part of the Umpire's person without first passing the 
Catcher. 

Rule 30. A Fair Hit is a ball batted by the 
Batsman, standing in his position, that first touches the 
ground, the First Base, the Third Base, the person of a 
player, or any other object, in front of or on either 
of the Foul Lines, or (Exception) batted directly to the 
ground by the Batsman, standing in his position, that 
(whether it first touches Foul or Fair Ground) bounds 
or rn is within the Foul Lines between Home and First 
or Home and Third Bases without first touching the per- 
son of a player. 

Rule 31. A Foul Hit is a ball batted by the Bats- 
man, standing in his position, that first touches the 
ground, the person of a player, or any other object, be- 
hind either of the Foul Lines, or (Exception) batted di- 



M 



36 



PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



rcctly to th 2 ground by the Batsman, standing in bis 
position, that (whether it First touches Foul or Fair 
Ground) bounds or rolls outride the Foul Lines, between 
Home and First, or Home and Third Bases, without first 
touching the pers m of a player. 

Rule 32. A Strike is 

(1) A ball struck at by the Batsman without it 
touching his bat, or 

(2) A ball legally delivered by the Pitcher at the 
height called for by the Batsman, and over the Home 
Base, but not struck at by the Batsman. 

Rule 33. A Foul Strike is a ball batted by the 
Batsman when auy part of his person is upon ground out- 
side the lines of the Batsman's position. 

Rule 34, Play is the order of the Umpire to begin 
the game, or to resume play after its suspension. 

Rule 35. Time is the order of the Umpire to sus- 
pend play. Such suspension must not extend beyond the 
day of the game. 

Rule 36. Grame is the announcement by the Um- 
pire that the game is terminated. 

Rule 37. An Inning is the turn at bat of the 
nine pla}'ers representing a Club in a game, and is com- 
pleted when three of such players have been put out as 
provided in these Rules. 

Rule 38. A time at bat is the term at bat of 
a batsman. It begins when he takes his position, and 
continues until he is put out, or becomes a base runner. 

Rule 39. Legal, Or Legally, signifies as re- 
quired by these rules. 

CLASS V. 

THE GAME. 

Rule 40. A Game shall consist of nine innings 
to each contesting nine, except that: 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 37 

(1) If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine 
innings than the other side has scored in eight innings, 
the game shall then terminate. 

(2) If the side last at bat in the ninth innings scores 
the winning run before the third man is out, the game 
shall then terminate. 

(3) If the score be a tie at the end of nine innings to 
each side, play shall only be continued until the side first 
at bat shall have scored one or more runs than the other 
side, in an equal number of innings; or until the other 
side shall score one more run than the side first at bat. 

(4) If the Umpire calls " game " on account of dark- 
ness or rain at any time after five innings have been com- 
pleted by both sides, the score shall be that of the last 
equal innings played, unless the side second at bat shall 
have scored one or more runs than the side first at bat, 
in which case the score of the game shall be the total 
number of runs made. 

Rule 41. A Drawn Game shall be declared by 
the Umpire when he terminates a game, on account of 
darkness or rain, after five equal innings have been 
played, if the score at the time is equal on the last even 
innings played; but {Exception) if the side that went 
second to bat is then at the bat, and has scored the same 
number of runs as the other side, the Umpire shall de- 
clare the game drawn, without regard to the score of the 
last equal innings. 

Rule 42. A Forfeited Game shall be declared 
by the Umpire, in favor of the Club not in fault, in the 
following cases: 

(1) If the nine of a club fail to appear upon the Field, 
or, being upon the Field, fail to begin the game, within 
five minutes after the Umpire has called "Play " at the 
hour appointed for the beginning of the game. 

(2) If, after the game has began, one side refuses or 
fails to continue playing, unless such game has been 
suspended or terminated by the Umpire. 

(3) If, after play has been suspended by the Umpire, 



38 



PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



one side fails to resume playing within five minutes after 
the Umpire has called " Play." 

(4) If the Umpire calls three Foul Balks in one inn- 
ing, and has warned the Pitcher of the penalty after 
the second Foul Balk, and before the third is called. 

(5) If, in the opinion of the Umpire, any one of 
these Rules is willfu ly vio'ated. 

Rule 43. "No Game" shall be declared by the 
Umpire if he shall terminate play, on account- of rain 
or darkness, before five inn ngs on each side are com- 
pleted. 

Rule 44. A Substitute shall not be a' lowed to 
take the place of any player in a game, unless such 
player be disabled in the game then being played, by rea- 
son of illness or injury. 

Rule 45. The Choice of First Innings shall 

be determined by the two Captains. 

Ruh 46. The Umpire must call " Play " at the 
hour appointed for beginning a game. The game must 
beiii n when the Umpire calls " Play." When he calls 
" Time " play shall be suspended until he calls "Play" 
again, and during the interim no player shall be put out, 
base be fun, or run be scored. The Umpire shall sus- 
pend play only for an accident to himself or a player, or 
in case rain falls so heavily that the spectators are com- 
pelled by the severity of the storm, to seek shelter, in 
which case he shall note the time of suspension, and 
should such rain continue to fall thirty minute* thereafter, 
be shall terminate the game. The Umpire shall also de- 
clare every " deal ball;' " foul hit," " foul strike," " balk " 
and " foul balk," and after declaring the second "foul 
balk" in one inning, shall warn the Pitcher of the pen- 
alty prescribed by Rule 42 (4.) 

Rule 47. The Batsman, on taking his posi- 
tion, must call for a "high ball,'' a Mow ball, or a 
"high or low ball," and the Umpire sha 1 notify the 
Pitcher to deliver the ball as required; such call shall 
not be changed after the first ball delivered. The Urn- 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 3D 

pire shall count and call every "unfair ball" delivered 
by the Pitcher, and every "foul balk" and "dead ball" 
if also an "unfair ball," as a "ball;" and he shall also 
count and call every "strike." Neither a "ball" nor a 
" strike " shall be called or counted until the ball has 
passed the Home Base. 

Rule 48. The Batsman is out 

(1) If he Fails to take his position at the bat in his 
order of batting, unless the error be discovered and the 
proper Batsman takes his position before a fair hit has 
been made. 

(2) If he fails to take his position within one minute 
after the Umpire has called for the Batsman. 

(3) If he makes a foul hit and the ball he momen- 
tarily held by a fielder before touching the ground, or 
after touching the ground but once, provided it be not 
caught in a fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object 
other than the fielder before touching the ground, or be- 
fore being caught. 

(4) If he makes a foul strike. 

(5) If he plainly attempts to hinder the Catcher 
from catching the ball, evidently without effort to make 
a fair hit. 

Rule 49. The Batsman becomes a Base 

Runner 

(1) When he makes a fair hit. 

(2) When seven balls have been called by the Um- 
pire. 

(3) When three strikes have been declared by the 
Umpire. 

Rule 50. The Base Runner must touch 
each Base in regular order, viz: First, Second 
Third, and Home Bases, and when obliged to return, 
must retouch the base or bases in reverse order. He 
s ;all only be considered as holding a base after touching 
it, and shall then be entitled to hold such base until he 
has legally touched the next base in order, or has been 
legally forced to vacate it for a succeeding Base Runner. 



40 



PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



Rule 51, The Base-Runner shall be en- 
titled, without being put out, to take one 
Base, provided he do so on the run, in the fol- 
lowing cases: 

(1) If, while he was Batsman, the . Umpire called 
seven balls. 

(2) If the Umpire awards a .succeeding Batsman a 
base on seven balls, and the Base-Runner is thereby 
forced to vacate the base held by him. 

(3) If the Umpire calls a Balk. 

(4) If a ball delivered by the Pitcher pass the 
Catcher and touch any fence or building within ninety 
feet of the Home Base. 

(5) If he be prevented from making a base by the 
obstruction of an adversary. 

(6) If a Fielder stop or catch a batted ball with his 
hat or any part of his dress. 

(7) If a batted or thrown ball be stopped. by any per- 
son not engaged in the game, and, in such case, the ball 
shall not be considered in play until it is held by the 
Pitcher standing in his position. 

Rule 52. The Base Runner shall not have a 
substitute run for him. 
Rule 53. The Base-Runner is out 

(1) If, having made a fair hit while Batsman, such 
fair hit ball be momentarily held by a Fielder, before 
touching the ground or any object other than a Fielder, 
provided it be not caught in the Fielder's hat or cap. 

(2) If, when the Umpire has declared three strikes 
on him while Batsman, the third strike ball be momen- 
tarily held by a Fielder before touching the ground; pro- 
vided it be not caught in a Fielder's hat or cap, or 
touch some object other than a Fielder before being 
caught. 

(3) If, after three strikes 'or a fair hit, he be touched 
with the ball in the hand of a Fielder before such Base- 
Bunncr touches First Base. 

(4) If, after three strikes or a fair hit, the ball be 
securely held by a Fielder, while touching First Base 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



41 



with any part of his person, before such Base Runner 
touches First Base. 

(5) If, after three strikes, seven balls, or a fair hit, 
he fails to run to First Base. 

(G) If, in running to First Base, he runs inside the 
Foul Line or more than three feet outside of it, except 
that he must do so if necessary to avoid a Fielder at- 
tempting to field a batted ball, and in such case shall 
not be declared out. 

(7) If, in running from First to Second Base, from 
Second to Third Base, or from Third to Home Base, he 
runs more than three feet from a direct line between such 
bases to avoid being touched by the ball, in the hands of 
a Fielder; but in case a Fielder be occupying the Base- 
Runner's proper path, attempting to field a batted ball, 
then the Base-Runner shall run out of the path and be- 
hind said Fielder, and shall not be declared out for so 
doing. 

(8) If he fails to avoid a Fielder attempting to field 
a batted ball, in the manner prescribed in (6) and (7) of 
this Rule, or if he, in any way, obstructs a Fielder, at- 
tempting to field a batted ball. 

(9) If j at any time while the ball is in play, he be 
touched by the ball in the hand of a Fielder, unless some 
part of his person is touching a base he is entitled to oc- 
cupy, provided the ball be held by the Fielder after 
touching him; but {exception as to First Base) in running 
to First Base he may over-run said base without being 
put out for being off said base, after first touching it, pro- 
vided he returns at once and retouches the base, after 
which he may be put out as at any other base. If, in 
overrunning First Base, he also attempts to run to 
Second Base, he shall forfeit such exemption from being 
put out. 

(10) If, when a Fair or Foul Hit ball is legally caught 
by a Fielder before it touches the ground, such ball is 
legally held by a Fielder on the base occupied by the 
Base Runner when such ball was struck (or the Base- 



42 



PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



Runner be touched with the ball in the hand of a Fielder), 
before he retouches said base after such Fair or Foul Hit 
Ball was so caught; provided, That the Base-Runner 
shall not be < ut in such case, if, after the ball was legally 
caught as above, it be delivered to the bat by the Pitcher 
before the Fielder holds it on the said base, or touches 
the Base- Runner with it. 

(11) If, when the ball, from a. Foul Hit, has struck 
the ground before being caught, or the Batsman has made 
a Foul Strike, the Base-Runner fails to retouch the base 
held by him when the ball was struck, after such ball 
has been returned to and held by the Pitcher, in which 
case he may be put out at such base, or by being touched 
by the ball in the hand of a fielder in the same manner 
as in running to First Base. 

(12) If, when a Batsman becomes a Base-Runner, 
\_excrpt as provided in Hale 50], the First Base, or the 
First and Second Bases, or the First, Second, and Third 
Bases, be occupied, any Base-Runner so occupying a base 
shall cease to be entitled to hold it, until the Base- Run- 
ner running to First Base is put out, and may be put out 
at the next base or by being touched by the ball in the 
hand of a Fielder in the same manner as in running to 
First Base, at any time before the Base-Runner running 
to First Base is put out. 

(13) If a Fair Hit ball strike him he shall be de- 
clared out, and in such case no base shall be run unless 
forced, and no run be scored. 

(14) If, when running to a base or forced to return 
to a base, he fail to touch the intervening bae or bases, 
if any, in the order prescribed in Rule 49; provided, 
That he shall not be declared out. unless the Captain of 
the fielding side claim such decision before the ball is de- 
livered to the bat by the Pitcher. 

(15) If, when the Umpire calls " Play " after any sus- 
pension of a game, he fails to return to and touch the 
base he occupied when "Time" was called, before 
touching the next base. 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 43 

Rule 54. The Umpire shall declare the 
Batsman or Base-Runner out, without wait- 
ing for an appeal for such decision, in all cases 
where such player is put out in accordance with these 
Rules, except as provided in Rale 53, (10), (14) and (15). 

Rule 55. When a Dead Ball is declared by the 
Umpire, no player shall be put out, base be run, or run 
be scored on such ball, unless such ball be also the 
seventh Unfair Ball, that entitles the striker to a base, in 
which case the striker shall take First XLase, and any 
Base-Runner thereby forced to vacate a base shall take 
one base without being put out, and if a base thus taken 
be the Home Base, the run shall be scored. 

Rule 56. One Run shall be scored every 
time a Base llunner, after having legally touched the 
first three bases, shall touch the Home Base before three 
men are put out. If the third man is forced out, or is 
put out before reaching First Base, a run shall not be 
scored. 

Rule 57. If the Pitcher causes the ball to 

Strike the Batsman, and the Umpire be satisfied 
that he does it intentionally, he shall fine the Pitcher 
therefor in a sum not less than Ten Dollars, nor more 
than Fifty Dollars. 

Rule 58. No Player, except the Captain 
or his assistant, shall address the Umpire con- 
cerning any point of play, and any violation of this Rule 
shall subject the offender to a fine by the Umpire. 

CLASS VI. 
THE UMPIRE. 

Rule 59. The Umpire shall be selected as 
follows: 

(1) Two clubs may, by mutual agreement, select any 
man to umpire any game or games, provided that such 
agreement be in writing, and the man so selected agrees 



44 PLAYING RULES OV THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



not less than seven days before such game, or the first of 
such games, to act as such Umpire. 

(2) A staff of League Umpires shall be selected in 
the following manner: Prior to April 1st of each year, 
each club shall send to the Secretary the names of any 
persons of good repute and considered competent to act 
as Umpires. A list of all persons so nominated shall be 
prepared by the Secretary, and submitted to each club, 
which shall then select therefrom a number equal to 
three times the number of clubs then in the League, and 
shall transmit a list thereof to the Secretary, and the re- 
quired number having the greatest number of approvals 
shall constitute the staff of League Umpires. 

The Board shall fill any vacancy caused by declina- 
tions, and shall appoint an Umpire to replace any that 
may be objected to in writing by three League clubs after 
the commencement of the championship season. 

(3) In the absence of. the agreeinent^provlded for in 
Sec. I of this Ilule, the Visiting Club shall, not less than 
five days before any Championship Game, submit by tele- 
graph to the President or Secretary of the Home Club 
the Lames of seven League Umpires, none of whom shall 
reside in the city of the Visiting Club. The Home Club 
shall then be charged with the duty of producing one of 
the seven so named upon the grounds in season for the 
game. 

(4) In case the Visiting Club shall have failed to fur- 
nish the seven names as provided in Sec. 3, the Home 
Club shall select an Umpire for such game; and in case 
the Visiting Club shall have furnished the seven names, 
as provided in Sec. 3, and the Home Club fails to pro- 
duce one of the Umpires so named, within fifteen minutes 
before the hour appointed for the game, the Visiting Club 
shall select the Umpire. 

Rule 60. ( The Umpire's Duties, in addition to 
those specified in the preceding Ilulcs, are 

(1) Before the commencement of a Match Game, the 
Umpire shall see that the rules governing all the materials 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



45 



of the game are strictly observed. He shall ask the 
Captain of the Home Club whether there are any special 
ground rules to be enforced, and, if there are, he shall 
see that they are duly enforced, provided they do not con- 
flict with any of these Rules. He shall also ascertain 
whether the fence in the rear of the Catcher's position 
is distant ninety feet from the Home Base. 

(2) The Umpire shall not reverse his decision on any 
point of play upon the testimony of any player engaged 
in the game, or upon the testimony of any bystander. 

(3) In case the Umpire imposes a fine on a player, or 
declares a game forfeited, he shall transmit a written 
notice thereof to the Secretary of the League within 
twenty-four hours thereafter, and if he shall fail to do so he 
shall forfeit his position as League Umpire, and shall for- 
ever thereafter be ineligible to umpire any League game. 

Rule 61 . The Umpire shall not be changed 
during the progress of a Match Game, except for reason 
of illness or injury, or by the consent of the Captains of 
the two contesting Nines. 

Rule 62. Any League Umpire who shall 

be convicted of selling, or offering to sell, a game of 
which he is Umpire, shall, thereupon, be removed from 
his official capacity, and placed under the same disabili- 
ties inflicted on expelled players by the Constitution of 
the League. (See also Constitution Art. VI, Section 13.) 

Rule 63. The Umpire's Jurisdictions and 
Powers, in addition to those specified in the preceding 
Rules, are: 

The gentleman selected to fill the position of Umpire 
must keep constantly in mind the fact that upon his 
sound discretion and promptness in conducting the game, 
compelling players to observe the spirit as well as the 
letter of the Rules, and enforcing each and every one of 
the Rules, largely depends the merit of the game as an 
exhibition, and the satisfaction of spectators therewith. 
He must make his decisions distinct and clear, remem- 
bering that every spectator is anxious to hear such deci- 



46 



PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



sion. He must keep the contesting nines playing con- 
stantly from the commencement of the game to its ter- 
mination, allowing such delays only as are rendered un- 
avoidable by accident, injury, or rain. He must, until 
the completion of the game, require the players of each 
side to promptly take their positions in the field as soon 
as the third hand is put out, and must require the fii\st 
striker of the opposite side to be in his position at the 
bat as soon as the Fielders are in their places. 

The players of the side " at bat " must occupy the por- 
tion of the Field allotted them, subject to the condition 
that they must speedily vacate any portion thereof that 
may be in the way of the ball, or any Fielder attempting 
to catch or field it. The triangular space behind the 
Home Base is reserved for the exclusive use of the Um- 
pire, Catcher, and Batsman, and the Umpire must pro- 
hibit any player of the side " at bat " from crossing the 
same at any time while the ball is in the hands of or pass- 
ing between, the Pitcher or Catcher while standing in 
their positions. 

Article III. Section 7 of the League Constitution 
makes the League Umpire a member of the League. Dur- 
ing the progress of a game he is the sole representative 
of the League, to see that the game is played and deter- 
mined solely on its merits, and these Rules invest him 
with ample powers to accomplish this purpose. In the 
performance of his duties he must remember that his sole 
allegiance is due to the League, and that the circum- 
stance of his fees and expenses being paid by the visiting 
club places him under no obligation whatever to such 
club. Such expenses are equally borne by all League 
clubs, taking the season as a whole, hence the visiting 
club merely acts as Paymaster of the League so far as 
the Umpire is concerned. 

The Umpire is master of the Field from the commence- 
ment to the termination of the game, and must compel 
the players to observe the provisions of all the Playing 
Rules, and he is hereby invested with authority to order 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



47 



any player to do or omit to do any act necessary to give 
force and effect to any- and all of such provisions, and 
power to inflict upon any player disobeying any such 
order a fine of not less than five nor more than lifty dol- 
lars for each offence, and to impose a similar fine upon 
any player who shall use abusive, threatening, or im- 
proper language to the Umpire, audience, or other player, 
and when the Umpire shall have so punished the player, he 
shall not have the power to revoke or remit the penalty 
so inflicted. 

The Umpire shall, at once, notify the Captain of the 
offending player's side of the infliction of any fine herein 
provided for, and the club to which such player belongs 
shall, upon receipt of a notice of said fine from the Secre- 
tary of the League within ten days transmit the amount 
of such fine to the Secretary of the League. 

CLASS VII. 



SCORING. 

Rule 64. In Order to Promote Uniformity 

in Scoring Championship Games, the following in- 
stiuctions, suggestions, and definitions are made for the 
benefit of scorers of League Clubs, and they are required 
to make the scores mentioned in Sec. 15, Article X, of 
the League Constitution in accordance therewith. 

Batting. 

(1) The first item in the tabulated score, after the 
player's name and position, shall be the number of times 
he has been at bat during the game. Any time or times 
where the player has been sent to base on called balls 
shall not be included in this column. 

(2) In the second column should be set down the runs 
made by each player. 

(3) In the third column should be placed the first 
base hits made by each player. A base hit should be 
scored in the following cases: • 



48 PLAYING RULES OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE 



When the ball from the bat strikes the ground between 
the foul lines and out of reach of the fielders. 

When a hit is partially or wholly stopped by a fielder 
in motion; but such player cannot recover himself in 
time to handle the ball before the striker reaches First 
Base. 

When the ball is hit so sharply to an infielder that lie 
cannot handle it in time to put out a man. In case of 
doubt over this class of hits, score a base hit and exempt 
fielder from the charge of an error. 

When a ball is hit so slowly toward a Fielder that he 
cannot handle it in time to put out a man. 

(4) In the fourth column should be placed to the 
credit of each player the total bases made by him off his 
hits. 

Fielding. 

(5) The number of opponents put out by each player 
shall be set down in the fifth column. Where a striker 
is given out by the Umpire for a foul strike, or because 
he struck out of his turn, the put-out shall be scored to 
the Catcher. 

(6) The number of times the player assists shall be 
set down in the sixth column. An assist should be given 
to each player who handles the ball in a run-out or other 
play of the kind. 

An assist should be given to the Pitcher when a Bats- 
man fails to hit the ball on the third strike. 

An assist should be given to the Pitcher in each case 
where the Batsman is declared out for making a foul 
strike or striking out of turn. 

An assist should be given to a player who makes a 
play in time to put a runner out, even if the player who 
should complete the play fails, through no fault of the 
player assisting. 

And generally an assist should be given to each player 
who handles the ball from the time it leaves the bat un- 
til it reaches the player who makes the put-out, or in 
case of a thrown ball, to each player who throws or 



OP PROFESSIONAL RASE BALL CLUBS. 49 

handles it cleanly, and in such a way that a put out 
results, or would result if no error were made by the 
receiver. 

(7) An error should be given for each mis-play which 
allows the striker or base-runner t^ make one or more 
bases, when perfect play would have insured his being 
put out. In scoring errors off batted balls, see Section 3 
of this Hule. 

CLASS VIII. 

CONSTRUCTION AND AMENDMENTS. 

Rule 65. No Section of these Rules shall be con- 
strued as conflicting with or affecting any article of the 
Constitution of the League. 

Rule 66. No Amendment or change of any of 
these Ilules shall be made, except in the manner provided 
in the Constitution of the League. 



50 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



representing Chicago 
" Boston B 


Ball Club. 
B. Ass'n. 


u 


Worcester 


it 


Club. 


a 


Cleveland 


it 


Ass'n. 


a 


Providence 


u 


a 


u 


Cincinnati 


a 


it 


rsman " 

it 


Troy City 
Buffalo 


it 
u 


a 

a 



Special Meeting of the National League of Pro- 
fessional B. B. Clubs held at tup: Cataract 
House, Niagara Falls, N. Y., Tuesday, May 
25, A. D. 1880. 

Meeting called to order at 3 P. M. 
Present: 

W. A. Hulbert, 

A. II. Sodcn, 

F, C. Bancroft, 

J. F. Evans, 

Henry T. Root, 

C. T. Blackburn, 

C. R. DeFreest & E. L. Fursman " 

J no. B. Sage, 

The President stated the object of the meeting to 
be the consideration of certain charges preferred by the 
Providence club against the Troy City club, by reason of 
their failure and refusal to remain in Providence on 
Monday, May 17, and play a game prevented by rain May 
13th. On motion adjourned pending a meeting of the 
Board of Directors. 

Meeting of the Board of Directors called to order at 
3:30 P. M. 

Present. W. A. Hulbert, Chairman, and Messrs. 
Soden, Evans, and Sage, Directors. 

In relation to the charges preferred by the Providence 
club against the Troy City club, the Directors report as 
follows: 

The Board acting under the provisions of Section 2, 
Article 8, of the League Constitution, and after full con- 
sideration of the facts and circumstances involved in the 
dispute between the Providence and Troy City clubs, 
arising from the failure of the Troy City club to appear 
on the grounds of the former on the 17th day of May, 
inst., to play off the championship game prevented by 
rain on the 13th day of May, inst., find as follows: 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 51 

1st. That the default of the Troy City club does not 
amount to a forfeiture of League membership, under the 
provisions of the League Constitution. 

2d. That the claim of the Providence club to a for- 
feited game, to count in their series as a game won by a 
score of nine runs to none, as of date May 17th, inst., is 
not allowed. The forfeiture of a game, as the League 
Constitution now stands, being limited to an award 
by an umpire, based upon some violation of the 
" Playing Rules," which latter, so far as this case is con- 
cerned, were not violated by the Troy City club, May 
17th inst., not being a day certain agreed upon by both 
clubs, in the meaning of Section 8, Article 5, of the 
League Constitution, to which Playing Rule 35 (1) can 
alone apply. 

As to the game which the Providence club claims that 
the Troy City club should have remained in Providence 
to play on the 17th day of May, inst,, it is hereby ordered 
that the said game shall be played in Providence on the 
23d day of September, prox., or u\e 1st day of October, 
prox., as said clubs may agree. 

While this report is submitted, as the judgment of the 
Board of Directors, based upon their construction of the 
existing laws of the League as applied to the case under 
consideration, yet this Board cannot refrain from here 
declaring it* unanimous condemnation of the action of 
the Troy City club, as exhibited by its manager, Mr. 
Robert Ferguson, in leaving Providence with its first 
series of games incomplete, and especially without first 
advising with the officers of his club. It is admitted and 
stated by the responsible officers of the Troy City club 
that they deeply deplore the action of its manager on the 
occasion referred to, and we are assured by them that 
they desire such legislation to be had as may absolutely 
prohibit any recurrence of the present controversy, and in 
view of the complications sure to arise from possible 
further violations of the letter of Section 3, Article 12, 
of the League Constitution, the Board recommend such 



52 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



Directors. 



legislation by the League at its next annual meeting as 
will more clearly define and effectually enforce those pro- 
visions of Section 3 % Article 12, of the League Constitu- 
tion, which relate to the playing off of drawn games, tie- 
games, and games prevented by rain, and they farther rec- 
ommend such present action, by agreement of Lea£U<i 
clubs, as will tend to insure the prompt playing off of 
Buch games during the remainder of the present; cham- 
pionship season. 

(Signed) W. A. HULBERT, Chairman. 

JNO. B. SAGE, ) 

J.F.EVANS, j 

I dissent from above report so far as it relates to Soc* 
tions 1 and 2. 

(Signed) A. H. SQDEN, Director. 

Special Meeting of the National League ke-con- 
vened at 6 p. ii. 

The Board of Directors submitted their report. II. 
Doscher of Lansingburg, N. Y., and George Hillyer of 
New Haven, Conn., were duly elected League Umpires, to 
fill vacancies. No further business appearing, on motion 
adjourned. 

(Signed) W. A. HULBERT, 

President. 
N. E. Young, 

Secretary. 

For the purpose of enforcing, during the remainder of 
the championship season of 1880, the provisions of Sec- 
tions 3 and 6, of Article 12 of the League Constitution, 
which provide for the playing off tie or drawn games, or 
games prevented by rain, the subscribing League c'ubs 
pledge themselves: 1st. To vote at the next annual 
meeting of the League for the expulsion of any club that 
shall violate said provisions of the League Constitution. 
2d. To abstain from playing any League club that shall 
violate the provisions specified, from the d;ite of sui-h 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



53 



violation. 3d. To enact such legislation at the next 
annual meeting of the League, as may be deemed most 
effectual to enforce the provisions of Section 3, Article 
12, of the League Constitution, relating to the playing 
off of drawn or tie games, or games postponed by rain. 

In testimony whereof, the parties hereto have here- 
unto set their names at Niagara Falls, this 25th day of 
May, A. D. 1880. 

The Boston B. B. Ass'n. (Signed) By A. H. Soden, Pres, 



Providence " 
Buffalo « 

Worcester " " 

Cincinnati " " 

Cleveland " " 

Troy City " « 
Chicago Ball Club 



" Henry T. Root " 
" Jno. B.-Sage, " 
" F. C. Bancroft,Sec. 
" C.T.Blackburn,*' 
« J. F. Evans, Pres. 
" E. L.Fursman 5 V.P. 
" W.A.Hulbert,Pres. 



Special Meeting of the National League of Pro- 
fessional B. B. Clubs, held at the Osborne 
House, Rochester, N. Y., Monday, Oct. 4, A. D. 
1880. 

Meeting called to order by the President at 8 p. m. 
Present: 
Mr. W. A. Hulbert, representing the Chicago Ball Club. 



tt 


A. H. Soden, 


a 


tt 


Boston B. B. 


Ass'n. 


a 


J. F. Evans, 


u 


tt 


Cleveland ' l 


a 


tt 


H. T. Root, 


a 


a 


Providence " 


a 


a 


Freeman Brown 


tt 


u 


Worcester " 


Club, 


a 


W. C. Kennett, 


tt 


a 


Cincinnati M 


Ass'n. 


a 


C. R. DcFreest, 


tt 


a 


Troy City " 


u 


tt 


C. S. Treat, and 












E. B. Smith, 


u 


it 


Buffalo « 


u 



Mr. Root presented the following agreement, which 
was duly signed: 

The subscribing clubs of the National League of Pro- 
fessional Base Ball Clubs hereby pledge themselves to 
vote at the annual meeting of the League, to be held in 



54 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



December, 1880, for the following amendment to the 
Constitution of the League; 

Insert in Section 7, Article 5, after the words " if any 
club shall take part in any game of ball on Sunday,'' the 
following, " or shall allow any game of ball to be played 
on its grounds on Sunday." 

We further pledge ourselves to vote at the annual 
meeting, to be held in December, 1880, for an amendment 
to the League Constitution, that will, under penalty of 
forfeiture of membership in the League, prohibit the sale 
of every description of malt, spirituous or vinous liquors 
upon its grounds, nor in any building owned or occupied 
by it. 
The Chicago Ball Club, ■ by W. A. Hulbert, Pres. 



" Providence B. B. Ass'n " 


Henry T. Root, 


u 


" Boston 


u 


U li 


A. H. Soden, 


a 


" Cleveland 


u 


it a 


J. F. Evans, 


a 


" Buffalo 


a 


it u 


Edw. B. Smith 


a 


" Troy City 


a 


a it 


C. R DeFreest, 


Sec'y. 


u Worcester 


it 


Club 


Freeman Brown, 


Treas. 



On motion adjourned to meet on the following day. 

Tuesday, Oct. 5, 1880. 

Meeting called to order at 9:50 A. M., and after an in- 
formal discussion of matters pertaining to the general 
welfare of the League, on motion adjourned to meet on 
the followiug day. 

Wednesday, Oct. 6, 1880. 

Meeting called to order at 10:30 A. M. On motion it 
was resolved that the membership of the Cincinnati club 
be declared vacated, unless they acquiesce in all legisla- 
tion the League may enact. 

The following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved: That at the annual meeting all clubs shall 
report the names of players engaged by them for 18 ->1, 
and that no player shall be regarded as engaged unless 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 55 

his contract shall have been duly indorsed by the Secre- 
tary of this Association. 

The following preamble and resolutions were adopted: 

Whereas. The Cincinnati Base Ball Association has 
failed to respond in a satisfactory manner, to the in- 
quiries relative to its intentions regarding observance of 
the rules, agreements and requirements of the League. 

Iteso.vcd: That the position of the Cincinnati Asso- 
ciation in the National League of Professional Base Ball 
Clubs be, and is hereby declared vacated. 

Resolved: That a copy of this preamble and resolu- 
tion be transmitted to the Cincinnati Base Ball Associa- 
tion. 

On motion clubs were released from the agreement in 
relation to the employment of players prior to Oct. 23, 
1880. 

No further business appearing, on motion adjourned. 
(Signed) W. A. HULBERT, 

President. 
N. E. Young, 

Secretary. 

Meeting of the Board op Directors of the Na- 
tional League of Professional Bask Ball 
Clubs held at the St. James Hotel, New York 
city, Wednesday, December 8, A. D. 1880. 

Present. Mr. W. A. Hulbert, Chairman, and Messrs. 
Soden, Sage, and Evans, Directors. 

Meeting called to order at 10:15 A, m. 

The Secretary presented a tabular statement of cham- 
pionship games won and lost during the season of 1880, 
showing the Chicago Club to have won the greatest 
number. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved: That the Chicnp:o BaU Club, of Chicago, 
111., having won the greatest numb-T of games in the 



56 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



championship series, is hereby awarded the championship 
of the United States, for the year 1880. 

The report of the Treasurer was received and accepted. 

On motion the appeal of Mr. Alex. McKinnon, for a 
removal of the disabilities caused by his expulsion from 
the Troy City Base Ball Association, was denied. 

On motion the appeal of J. A. Devlin, for a hearing, 
was denied. 

Mr. N. E. Young was re-elected Secretary of the 
League. 

On motion the following preamble and resolution was 
adopted: 

Whereas, Repeated applications have been made by or 
on behalf of James A. Devlin, Geo. Hall, W. H. Graver, 
and A. II. Nichols, to this Board, or members thereof, for 
the removal of their disabilities resulting from their ex- 
pulsion from the League, for dishonest ball playing, 

Resolved, That notice is hereby served on the per- 
sons named, and on their friends, defenders and apolo- 
gists, that the Board of Directors of this League will 
never remit the penalties inflicted on such persons, nor 
will they hereafter entertain any appeal from them or in 
their behalf. 

(Signed) W. A. HULBERT, Chairman. 

J. F. EVANS, ) 
A. II. SODEN, [ Directors. 
JNO. B. SAGE, ) 

Special Meeting of the Boakd of Directors held 

Thursday, Dkckmiiku 9, A. D. 1880. 

Meeting called to order at 10.30 A. m. 

Mr. Evans preferred complaint against the National 
Base Ball Club of Washington, D. C, for failure to pay 
$125, balance due on guarantee for games p'aved by the 
Cleveland Base Ball dub in Washington during the first 
week in October, 1880. On motion the following pre- 
amble and resolutions were adopted: 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 57 

Whereas, The National Base Ball Club of Washing- 
ton, D, C, a club member of the League Alliance, has 
failed to pay to the Cleveland Base Ball Club, a club mem- 
ber of the League, the sum of one hundred and twenty- 
five dollars on account of games played between said 
clubs in Washington, D. C, during the past season, al- 
though dates have been repeatedly fixed for such pay- 
ment, and have expired without the fulfillment of the 
pledges of said National club, 

Resolved, That unless the said payment be made 
forthwith, the said National Base Ball Club shall be ex- 
pelled from the League Alliance. 

(Signed) W. A. HULBERT, Chairman. 

A. H. SODEN, ) — 
JNO. B. SAGE, \ Directors - 

Annual Meeting of the National League of 
Professional Base Ball Clubs held at St. 
James Hotel, New York Crrr, Wednesday,. 
December 8, A. D. 1880. 

Annual meeting of the National League of Profes- 
sional Base Ball Clubs held at St. James Hotel, New 
York city, Wednesday, December 8, A. D. 1880. 

Meeting called to order at 12:10 P. il, by the Presi- 
dent. 

The following named gentlemen presented their cre- 
dentials as the representatives of their respective clubs. 

W. A. Hulbcrt, and 

A. G. Mills, representing the Chicago Ball Club. 

Jas. Moffat t, and 

J. H. Smith " " Buffalo B. B. Club. 

Freeman Brown " " Worcester " " 
A. II. Soden T and 

Harry Wright " " Boston " Ass'n. 

J. F. Evans " " Cleveland " " 

Henry T. Hoot « " Providence " M 



58 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



The reading of the minutes of previous meetings, was, 
on motion, dispensed with. 

The Secretary presented the application of the National 
Base Ball Club of Washington, D. C, for League mem- 
bership, with an adverse report from the Committee of 
Directors to whom it had been referred. 

Upon a ballot being passed, they were unanimously 
rejected. 

The Committee on the application of the Detroit Base 
Ball Club, of Detroit j Mich., having made a favorable re- 
port, they were unanimously elected, and Hon. W. G. 
Thompson was duly admitted as the representative of 
that organization. 

The meeting next proceeded to the consideration of 
amendments to the League Constitution, which, as 
amended, was adopted as follows: (See Constitution.) 

On motion adjourned to meet on the following day. 

Thursday, Dec. 9, A. D. 1880. 

Meeting called to order at 12:15 r. J!., and proceded 
to consider amendments to the Playing Rules, which, as 
amended, were adopted as follows: (Except as to certain 
amendments mentioned in the following resolution.) Sec 
Pla)iug Rules. 

On motion the following resolution was adopted: 
> Resolved. That the further consideration of Rules 
:>;$, 84, 86, 39, and 5'.), so far as relates to the subject of 
darkness and rain, deferred until the annual meeting is 
reconvened. 

The following named gentlemen were selected, wi h the 
President, to constitute the Board of Directors for the 
ensuing year, namely: Josiah Jcwett, Freeman Brown, 
W-« G. Thompson, and A. L. Hot oh kin, 

Mr. W. A. Hulbert was unanimously re-elected 
President of the League. 

Messrs. Hulbert and Soelen were duly elected a com- 
mittee to prepare a Schedule for the season of 1881. 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



59 



On motion, the publication of the League Book was 
left in the hands of the Secretary. 

The contract for furnishing the necessary number of 
balls for the use of League clubs during the year 1881, 
was awarded to A. G. Spalding & Bros., of Chicago, 111. 

On motion adjourned to meet on the following day. 

Friday, Deo. 10, A. D. 1880. 

Meeting called to order at 10 A. h. 

Mr. A. C. Stevens presented a proposition in relation 
to the publication of an official schedule of games to be 
played during the season of 1881, for the use of League 
clubs and their patrons. 

On motion the proposition of Mr. Stevens was accepted, 
and the Secretary was instructed to issue the necessary 
cei tificate as to its official character. 

On motion the following resolutions were adopted: 

Resolved, That the next annual meeting of the League 
be held at the Tremont House, Chicago, 111. 

Resolved, That the President of the League is hereby 
empowered to reconvene this annual meeting of the 
League at any time prior to April 1, 1881. 

On motion the further consideration of the matter of 
posters was postponed until the reconvened annual meet- 
ing. 

On motion the following preamble and resolution was 
adopted: 

Whereas, Mr. W. A. Hulbert of Chicago, 111., has been 
President of this League since its organization, and has 
so performed the duties of such office as to reflect credit 
on the League, and gain the hearty approval of all sup- 
porters of honest, manly ball playing, and whereas, 
we believe that to him more than to any other one man, 
is due the credit of the practical reforms which have 
been accomplished during the past five years in the rela- 
tions of clubs and players, the exhibition of the game of 



€0 



SPECIAL MEETING 



base ball, and its elevation to the foremost rank among 
American field sports, therefore 

Resolved, That we tender him our hearty thanks for 
his services, and* express the hopo that the League may 
have the benefit of his services as President for many 
years. 

No further business appearing, on motion adjourned. 
(Signed) W. A. HULBERT, 

President. 
N. E. Young, 

Secretary. 
Special meeting of the Board of Directors held Dec. 
11, A. D. 1880. 

Present, Mr. W. A. Hulbert, Chairman, and Messrs. 
Brown, Thompson, and Moffatt, Directors. (The latter 
representing Mr. Jewett, of the Buffalo Club.) 

On motion a committee was appointed, consisting of 
the President and such other member as he may desig- 
nate, with full authority to fill any vacancy that may occur 
during the season. 

On motion adjourned. 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 61 

SPECIAL LEAGUE MEETING. 

FEB. 26, 1880. 

Special Meeting of the National League of Pro- 
fessional B, B. Clubs held at the Tifft House, 
Buffalo, N. Y., Tuesday, March 8, A. D. 1881. 

Meeting called to order by the President at 2 o'clock 
p. M. 

The following named gentlemen were present as the 
representatives of their respective clubs: Mr. W. A. 
Hulbert, Chicago ; Hon. W. G-. Thompson, Detroit ; Mr. 
H. T. Hoot, Providence ; Mr. J. F. Evans, Cleveland ; 
Mr. A. L. Hotchkin, Troy ; Messrs. A. H. Soden, and H. 
Wright, Boston ; Messrs. E. A. Spencer, and James 
Moffat, Buffalo ; Mr. Freeman Brown, Worcester. 

On motion special meeting adjourned subject to call of 
the President. 

Reconvened annual meeting called to order by the 
President at 2:10 P. M. 

On motion the following resolutions were adopted: 

1. Resolved, That ex officers of League clubs are ten- 
dered the compliments of the League, and are cordially 
invited to attend the regular and special meetings of the 
League as our guests. 

2. Whereas, There is much uncertainty and diversity 
of ruling by League Umpires in determining when, in 
cases of rain, it is proper to call "Time," therefore be it 
Resolved, That the Secretary of the League shall furnish 
each League Umpire with a book of rules, in which he 
shall mark each rule referring to rain. 

3. Resolved, That when play is prevented or inter- 
rupted by rain, neither money or tickets shall be re- 
funded. 

4. Resolved, That any complaint made by a player, 
or any grievances by players shall never be made except- 
ing when the club to which such player or players be- 
long, is at home. 



(12 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



The following named gentlemen were duly elected to 
compose the staff of League Umpires for 1881. (See list 
of Umpires.) 

Rule 46 of the Playing Rules was amended, by strik- 
ing out the following words: " In his opinion the game 
cannot fairly proceed/' etc., and inserting the following 
words: "The spectators are compelled, by the severity of 
the storm to seek shelter," in which case, etc. 

On motion adjourned. 

Special meeting called to order at 4 P. M. 

The committee appointed to prepare a schedule of 
League games for 1881, consisting of Messrs. Hulbert 
and Soden, submitted their report, which was promptly 
and unanimously adopted. 

On motion adjourned to meet on the following day. 
Wednesday, March 9, A. D. 1881. 

Meeting called to order at 11:30 A. al, and after ar- 
ranging and executing a contract for furnishing League 
clubs with posters during the season of 1881. 

On motion adjourned. 



(Signed.) 

N. E. Young, 

Secretary. 



W. A. HULBERT, 

President. 



Special Meeting of the Board of Directors of 
the National League of Professional B. B. 
Clurs, held at the Tifft House, Buffalo, N. Y., 
Tuesday, March 8, 1881. 

Present. Mr. W. A. Hulbert, Chairman, and Messrs. 
Thompson, Brown, Hotchkin, and Moffat, Directors. 
(The latter representing Mr. Jewett of the Buffalo Club.) 

The Secretary presented an appeal from Mr. C. W. 
Jones, late of the Boston Club, for reinstatement. 

On motion the following preamble and resolution was 
adopted: 



OF THE NATION* A I* LEAGUE. 



63 



Whereas, Section 3, Article VII L of the League Con- 
stitution directs that any person who shall have been ex- 
pelled from a League club, shall file with die Secretary a 
written statement of his defence, accompanied with a re- 
quest that an appeal be allowed him, and the Secretary 
shall lay the appeal before the next annual meeting of 
the League, therefore be it Resolved, That Mr. C. W. 
Jones having neglected to file with the Secretary his 
statement and request for an appeal, until after the an- 
nual meeting, we consider that he has forfeited his right 
of appeal by his own laches and neglect, and his applica- 
tion is therefore respectfully denied. 

(Signed.) W. A. HULBEltT, Chairman. 

" W. G. Thompson, ] 

" Freeman Brown, [ 

A. L. Hotchkin, f Director* 
" James Moffatt, 



64 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



LEAGUE UMPIRES FOR 1881. 



1. Herman Doscher, Lansingburg, N. Y. Telegrams to 

American House. 

2. Chas. Fulmer, No. 745 Byard Street, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 

3. Richard Higham, No. 24 Federal Street, Troy, N. Y. 

4. Geo. J. Hiller, No. 436 Chapel Street, New Haven, 

Conn. 

5. Joseph W. Young, No. 10 Larned Block, Syracuse, 

N. Y. 

6. Geo. H. Bradley, No. 138 West Main Street, Roch- 

ester N. Y. 

7. Al. Barker, Rockford, 111. 

8. J. H. Gifford, Columbus, 0. 

9. Win. Hawes, Lowell, Mass. 

10. Thomas J. Carey, Baltimore, Md. 

11. Dennis Sullivan, Holy Cross College, Worcester, 

Mass. 

12. James Keenan, Albany, N. Y. 

13. Philip Powers, Manhattanville, N . Y, 

14. Augustus Schew, 36 St. Paul Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 

15. Wm. H. liegeman, Troy, N. Y. 

16. J. Dunnigan, New York. 

17. W. W. Jeffers, Toronto, Ont. 

18. E. J. Callahan, 27 Howard St., Boston, Mass. 

19. Chas. M. Smith, Cambridge, Mass. 

20. Eden Kipp, Treasury Department, Washington, 

D. C. 

21. Daniel F. Sullivan, 107 Siegel Street, Chicago, 111. 

22. Daniel Steams, 360 Thirteenth St., Buffalo, N. Y. 

23. T. Gillian, London, Ont. 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



65 



BUSINESS AGREEMENT. 

New York, Dec. 10, A. D. 1880. 

The parties hereto agree that daring the year 1881 
they will govern themselves in all matters pertaining to 
base ball by the provisions of the Constitution of the 
National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, and 
especially in all business matters with each other by the 
provisions of Article X of the said Constitution. 

^ We each and all hereby obligating ourselves to fully 
discharge the obligations specified in said Article. 

The Worcester Base Ball Club, 

By Freeman Brown, Treasurer. 
The Chicago Ball Club r 

By W. A. Hulbert, President. 
The Boston B. B. Association, 

By A. II. Soden, President. 
The Cleveland B. B. Association, 

By J. F. Evans, President 
The Providence B. B. Association, 

By Henry T. Root, President 
By W. A. Hulbert, his Attorney. 
The Buffalo B. B. Club, 

By James Moffatt, Vice-President 
The Detroit B. B. Club, 

ByW.O. Thompson, President 
The Troy City B. B. Association. 

By W. A. Ilulbcrt, Delegated 
by the Troy City B, B. Association. 




spaldinq's official 

BATTING AVERAGES. 

Of players who have taken pnrt in fifteen or more Championship Games 
DURING THE SEASON OF 1 880. 



NAME. 



Gore 

Aij«oii 

Daln inple. .. 

Connor 

Monnahan ... 

Hums 

Iliues 

White, J. L.. 
CosrgsWell . .. 

Junes . . 

Ke ly 

Welch 

Foley 

Pnrct-11 

O'ltourke. Jn 
()'llonrke,JaH 

Start 

Cltipp 

Dlllllap 

Karrell . 

Sullivan 

8 haft- -r 

Fcrgnsou 

Horsing 

Crowley 

G»ldcmith... 

Irwin 

Storey 

Burdock 

K> we 

Iliamson.. 

GlOMS, 

I hillips 

Kvan* 

Caeeidy 

Richardson .. 
McConnick.. 
I>irker*oc .. 

Sullou 

Richmond ... 
Glaseeoek ... 

H anion 

Dor gan 

ilixtBl 



fH'l 



CLUB, 



Chicago 

Troy City.*.'. .... 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Providence 

Cincinnati ... . 

Troy City . 

Boston 

Chicago 

!r y City .. .. 

Boston 

Cincinnati 

Boston 

Providence 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Providence 

VW reenter 

Cleveland .. .. 

Troy City 

Buffalo... 

Chicago 

Worcester 

it 

Boston 

Buffalo 

Chicago 

Pro video* e 

» leveland .. . .. 
Tn-y City .... 

Buffalo" 

Cleveland 

Tr«.y and WorY 
Boston 

■j Cleveland 

Providence 

Chicago 



.9 0. 
520. 
Wujl 
53 
11 
16 
61 JO 
170 

41 
4*10 
71 

Vo 

42 
46 
29 
700 
530 
3-'0 
(10 .0 
440 

HI 
610 
',:,() 
450 

52'o 



142 24 '0 
842 51 

wapap 

347 58 



11 
65 



II 

] 

10 

43 

31 

H 

400 

12 U 

;J6 

;i0:o 

410 

9710 



C32 






.365 

,538 
.382 

.332 

.318 

.:*m 

,306 

.302 
.30t 

.29 

.286 

.285 

.283 
.282 
.281 

.m 

,280 
.273 
.270 
.267 
.265 
.262 
-262 
.261 



450 
31-0 
501 
886 
ft 
352 
384 

m 

259 
295 

213 

328 
306 
807 

m 

372 
2-6 

tm 

H2 

152 
388 
406 
32] 
361 



.260 140 

•260 S2 

•258 410 

.2-6 :■:! 

•e0 3U 

25"> :i*i 



.255 
• 255 
2 5 
.258 
.251 
•2M 



250 23T 



■ 250 
■2.8 
• 2-17 
247 
.2 6 
.245 



6.00 
4 (it 
B irt 

4 U5 
404 
4.29 
4.(8 
4.00 
5.M 
4.U> 
512 
3.68 
4.13 
4.<8 

3 93 

5 11 

4 71 

5 71 
4.67 
444 
3.62 
4.73 
4 95 
3.91 
4.41 
4.00 
3.91 
5.06 
4. '3 
3 .Id 
5.14 
8.77 
3.49 

3 91 

4 0") 
3 90 
8 05 
3 89 
3.75 
3.09 
3.42 
3 39 
3.80 
3.31 



BASE BALL GUIDE, 



67 



Batting Averages — Continued. 



name. 



j Wood . ... 
| Carpenter . . 

Uilles ie ... 
\ Knight .... 

Kf-u-ibio k . 
\ Hotaling . .. 
1 Morrill 

Catkins .... 

I Pelera 

i Walker 

( Bradley 

I Ward 

Hichmond.. 

Bennett 

Whitney 

Corcoran , . . 

j Bond 

1 Manning ... 

j York 

"JGahrin 

Leonard 

j McGeary — 
"j Ha kinwon . 

Kellly, Cnas 

Mack 

js»y 

I Creamer 

Konnedy. ... 

Smith 

Trott 

Ho nek 

Reilly,Juo.. 

S tear dm 

ManRell 

Holbert 

Sommers... 
Gilligan.... 

Corv 

P. orman ... 

Flint 

While, W. II 

Bnshong 

Force 

Driocoll .... 

Power* 

Tobin 

Latham 

Wheeler 

Wei dm an... 



CLUB. 



Worcester 

Cincinnati ..... 

Troy City 

Worcester 

Huffalo 

Cleveland 

Ho-Lon 

Troy C i ty 

"rovklence 

Buffalo 

Providence 

Worcester 

Chicago 

Bo* ton 

Cincinnati 

Providence 

Buffalo 

Cincinnati 

Prov and Clev.. 

Cleveland 

Cincinnati . . .. 

Buffalo 

Cincinnati 

Worcester 

Cleveland 

Cincinnati 

Boston 

Prov. & Boston . 

Cincinnati 

Buffalo 

C ncinnati 

Troy Ciiy. 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Worcester 

Ohic. and Buff.. 

Chicago 

Cincinnati 

Worcester 

Buffalo 

Boston 

i roy and Wor'r 

Buffalo 

Cincinnati .... 
Buffalo 



a 

311 

2 U 8 

846 
196 

2 19 

M-.'u 
S99 
»JJ3 

Ml .: 

l£d 

292 

840 
2"9 
188 
297 
K8 
278 
190 
189 
232 
1MM 
172 

25H 

in;; 
59 
17s 
-% 
■s>o 
821 

1MI 
224 

2&1 

93 

zu 

77 
95 

m 

91 
274 
199 
141 

m 
121 

148 

79 

62 

& 



SI 

3> 

:»(» 
it) 


40 
9 

m 

•28 
12 n 





0, 

0. 







II 

o 





180 



IB 



.213 

.213 
.£42 

2 '2 
.24l 
.210 
.241) 
.231 
.230 
,980 
.228 
.^B 

.2ii 

.2 3 
-i.'2J 
.221 
.216 
.21fi 
.211 
.211 
.210 
.209 
.019 
.2<>4 
.203 
.802 
.202 
.',40 
.19j 
.198 
.196 
.193 
.193 
.192 
-18-; 
ABi 
.179 
.173 
.170 
.167 
.105 
.1*13 
,18* 
.151 
.148 
.142 
.127 
.113 
.104 



251 
810 

184 
876 

834 
2i!» 
■j:»s 
106 
248 
3; 
284 
158 
281 
202 
2u3 
162 
148 
175 
125 
141 
196 
88 
50 
1,9 
236 
191 
23'. J 

9? 
181 

167 
68 

139 

155 
53 
75 
78 
67 

210 

121 
91 

178 
20 
89 

108 
4'< 
18 
54 



3.44 
3.39 
4.14 
4.00 
2.92 
3.58 
3.97 
3.40 
2.86 
3.121 
3.11 
3.91 
3 78 
3.10 
3.74 
3 74 
2.74 
3.37 
2.96 
2.57 
3.79 
3.06 

2 £8 
2.25 
2.94 

3 09 
2.84 
2 89 
2.99 
2-85 
3.17 
2 38 
2.72 
2.62 
2.58 
2.52 
2 67 
2 05 
2 68 
2.95 
2.01 
2.46 
2.28 
1.11 
2.54 
2.84 
2.13 
1.12 
3.00 



68 



spalbing's official 



FIELDING AVERAGES 

Wbo have taken part in fifteen (15) or more Championship Games daring 
the Season of 1830. 

FIRST BASEMEN. 



NAME. 



Sullivan ... 

Anson 

Start. 

Morrill 

Phillips 

Cogswell 

Tobin 

Storey 

Foley 

Reilly, Jno 

Esterbrook — 
O'Jtourke^Jas., 
Walker 



CLUB. 



Worcester 

Chicago ... 

Providence 

Boston 

Cleveland 

Troy City 

Troy and Worcester 

Worcester.... 

Boston 

Cincinnati 

Buffalo 

Boston 

Buffalo 



1*2 8 

15 19 



o 5 



.1*77 
9G9 
.905 
953 

mo 

958 
953 
952 
947 
.9:18 
929 
917 



SECOND BASEMEN. 



Force 

Burdock... 
Dunlap .. 
Ferguson , 

Quest 

Farrek ... 
Creamer . . 
Smith 



Buffalo 

Boston. 

Cleveland .. 
Troy City. . 

Chicago 

Providence . 
Worcester .. 
Cincinnati.. 



4\i 


159 


306 


Ji 


89 1 


84 


318 


2li4 


19 


(i:i 


84 


250 


283 


53 


591 


83 


294 


255 


58 


607 


78 


218 


259 


:<; 


533 


77 


198 


2'>3 


57 


518 


83 


234 


865 


63 


5*52 


80 


270 


238 


88 


596 



.926 

.922 

.910 

.904 

.895 ■ 

.889 

.888 

.852 



THIRD BASEMEN. 



Williamson 
McGeary ... 

Sutton 

Bradley ..... 

Ward 

Whitney 

Carpenter . . , 
Ila-iklnson , 
Kichardson . , 

Morrill 

Connor .... 



Chicago 

Prov and Cleveland. 

Boston 

Providence 



Worcester . 
Cincinnati , 
Cleveland . 

Buffalo 

Boston . .. 
Troy City.. 



61 


84 


143 


27 


253 


It 


51 


81 


\r, 


148 


36 


62 


59 


15 


138 


47 


63 


144 


32 


239 


21 


28 


65 


15 


108 


75 


82 


158 


10 


280 


65 


133 


119 


12 


294 


55 


65 


91 


27 


183 


78 


104 


147 


15 


29tt 


38 


42 


6fi 


22 


130 


S3 


116 


169 


GO 


335 



.893 
.892 

.889 
.866 
.861 
.857 
.857 
.852 
.818 
.831 
.821 



BASE BALL GUIDE. 



60 



FIELDING AVERAGES-Continued. 
SHORT STOPS. 



























_a 


3 


d 


Xi 




'p 














C 






















3 y 




NAME. 


CLUB. 


i. — 


m 


* 




M 










B i 






























M 






y, c 


fl 


u 


td 


53 


£a 




















& 






5 


Y< 


E-< 


£ 

It 
17 
11 
43 

:,] 
id 
33 

19 

1 : 
11 

41 

18 


186 
185 

40.1 
3; 9 

4;6 

415 

& 

1-2 
95 

87 
2 it 

103 


a ,4 


1 


Force , 


Buffalo , 


29 
88 


52 
50 
105 
107 
96 
97 
21 
59 
3d 
1G 
20 
49 
23 


120 

118 

m 

249 

326 

297 
4i> 

181 
7- 
61 
58 

151 

62 


9*4 


.> 


Sutton 

Peters 




9 H 


3 




8:1 
70 
81 

8 ; 

17 

73 
30 
21 
15 
45 
21 


898 


4 


Glasscock 


Cleveland 

Worcester 

Troy City 


89-* 


5 


Irwin. 


Rftfi 


fl 


< taskins 


88> 


7 


Mack 


Buffalo ' 


s;> 


8 


Burns 


Chicago , 


8;3 


( i 


Richmond 

Leonard 


Boston 


8 a 


to 


Cincinnati 

Boston 


K41 


11 


O'llourke Jas 

Say 


819 


IS 


Cincinnati 


831 


13 


Monnahau ....... 


Buffalo 


.825 



FIELDERS. 



York 

Hines 

Sommers 

Bond 

Evans 

j O'ltontke, Jas., 
( Gillespie 

Horning 

Shaffer 

Uotaling 

Wood... ...... 

Dickerson 

Cassidy , 

Cory 

Foley 

j Knight , 

I Gore 

Mausell , 

Storey 

Dalrymplc 

O'ttourke, Jno., 

Houck 

Dorgan , 

Parcel) . , 

Crowley 

Jones 

Kelly 

Hanlon 

Rowe , 

Manning 

White, J. L 

Wheeler 

Stearns 



Cincinnati. 

Boston 

Troy City . . 
Boston ... 
Troy City.. 

Buffalo 

Cleveland 



Providence. 



Worcester \ 

Troy and Worcester . . . 

Troy City 

Worcester 

Boston 

Worcester 

Chicago 

Cincinnati 

Worcester 

Chicago . .. 

Boston 

Boston and Providn'ce, 

Providence 

Cincinnati 

Buffalo 

Boston 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Buffalo 

Cincinnati 



Buffalo . 



50 


91 


5 


7 


103 


73 


145 


16 


13 


174 


19 


31 


3 


3 


37 


18 


21 


9 


3 


36 


4Q 


68 


9 


8 


85 


34 


55 


11 


;• 


73 


82 


185 


11 


21 


220 


Gl 


123 


12 


l." 


15" 


8! 


125 


35 


8 


178 


77 


11 l 


14 


15 


143 


78 


123 


9 


Hi 


148 


59 


123 


1> 


K 


152 


82 


i« 


18 


20 


161 


23 


23 


20 


6 


49 


30 


39 


10 


7 


56 


48 


46 


22 


to 


78 


71 


119 


16 


90 


155 


53 


147 


13 


25 


185 


45 


68 


6 


12 


86 


84 


149 


19 


28 


196 


78 


158 


21 


30 


209 


59 


107 


11 


20 


138 


74 


87 


20 


20 


12T 


51 


81 


18 


20 


119 


05 


129 


23 


81 


183 


04 


106 


11 


84 


141 


62 


67 


32 


23 


122 


68 


133 


8 


31 


175 


21 


32 


5 


10 


47 


46 


55 


10 


I* 


83 


30 


38 


* 


14 


60 


16 


36 


5 


n 


55 


15 


14 


5 


7 


26 



.932 
, 92'> 
.919 
.916 
.906 
.904 

HM 
.900 
.899 
.S95 

892 
.88S 
.884 
.877 
.875 
.871 
-871 
.865 
.860 
.£57 
.8 : ,0 
.855 
.842 
.882 
.880 
.889 
.811 
.806 
.787 
.783 
.766 
.745 
.730 



70 



SPALDING & OFFICIAL 



CATCHERS' AVERAGES. 



NAME. 



Bushons; 
Bennett 
Flint ... 
Kennedj 
Holbert. 
CInpp .. 
OlllJgan 
Trott ... 
Grosi .. 

I tOW l! . . . 

Powers . 
Crowley 



CLUB. 



Worcester. 

.Chicago 

Cleveland. 
Troy City.. 
Cincinnati 
Cleveland. 

Boston 

Providence 

Buffalo 

Boston 

Buffalo.... 



6^ 



'•3 



H fe 



67 30 23 

45:ii :jo 



114]36 
6b 52 
107 88 

11JHJI) 

32 4 
55 26 
120 81 
51 30 
57 35 
281 






tCH< 



P 9 

jj 

845 

839 
.H2'.» 
823 
819 
.817 
.810 
808 
.787 
75:5 
.722 
.700 



' 



!H 



BASE BALL (JUIDE. 



71 






'3&§ 






fl '-«: < 2 fl jg g ff j* o ** 
r* 7* o -i E£»* 



O 

f 



Number of Games Played. 



8888®S»Sa5<»S 

00 ^5 4 . j 4* ii ti Q8 - MOC 






„> ^ ii j- * t ^ ;^'> o> « j. ot 



ot at ** c^ *a cjr ^ v> ti cc — > ^ 

■ c: J- :.' > ■- f /, u. ~ -l G£ *- 
*C *i *i Ci QPC/, .f-~0:COi-« 



00 00 »*<)&SS -I— ' J. O'-T t5>^ 



Times at Bat of Opponents. 



Runs Scored by Opponent*. 



Average per Game. 



Number of Base Uita made 
by Opponents. 



Percentage of Hase Hits 
made by Opponents to 
Times at Bat. 



■ -'—{.'" 



\ | Number put out. 



14 c >u *» a 5" « (v "- 1 in o a 
i-» -t *~ o <c oo tj-j j» O' cr. | — t4 



Times Assisting. 



c5^co^it>.?£tci^co*-iOD | so 



Fielding Errors. 



°?*z 



i-(S-iW »©ut-i*J 



Wild Pitches. 



oS&£op£rto*r;f:EK I Total Chances. 

-t -t en ct ** j. c cr- en en ti> ic I 



00 CO ;£ CO QC pc <£ QB CD CO 00 QO 



Percentage of Chances 
Accepted. 



o 

a 

sd 
pd 

o 
o 

D 



> 

r 
> 

W 

o 

> 
r 

o 

pa 
a 

M 



72 



8PAU>IX«'i S OFF.CIAL 





PI 






t=> 






§ 






D 




If) 

ffl 


ri 




D 


n 




J 


►q 







3 




Du 


o 







M 
CO 




Q 






KB 


N 




C 
u 




s 

P4 


d 

m 


w 


ft 


n 


cc 


o, 


rl 




z 


O 


h 




►H 


«4 


u 


H 





J 


hi 





W 


£ 


<j 


M 


5 


1 


tL 


fc 


{0 


Q 


O 




z 

< 


EH 




o 


H 




2 


M 




1— » 


H 




h 


ft 




H 


O 




4 


DQ 




PQ 


a 

H 








'BdotreqQ pnox 



pint H|i«}.[ p.)sstt f f * 



■aio.ujj Sinpi^kl 



■poisi^v houiix 



*»»0 ?"J JaqmiiM 



X O* "^ -P -: > :n 0> -h IX 
so 50 so so w rr t -r | » 



i^ssxt'c so a 
•j — — ■ t- — »- '* 

t -r CC S> 90 • "' — 



Old -7*C»';i S(0* fl 



auico jod o^uja.vv 



■uti}[ sarfna l«l°X 



■— ^ Ob t/ os — :> id 

l _ -r s o so so so so : ' " ' 

/, - -. — l-. -c i'rs :: 

::-.«-t ./ 94 ?< 1* 91 



*1»H 

40 SiHini .i.m! >)iir 



GO V -f iC "t '- '■' "' 

c* ft* -> ~.> ~> :» :»:» 



•tiOdStllSJi^ 



3UIBO a * )( * 8&M0AV 



■p&209$ sunjl 



x a x « ^ « <j: r- 

GO i.- I- fc- !© I- * * 



•Jf-f ^-ffffW 



Sigssssc 

»o .: « eg so ■<? soo* 



Itia }tf snui5J, 






ss3ii£s§.£$; 



p,»AIM f l 

souicf) jo .i.ximnsr 



x x 7 x x x >! x I r 



PQ 

S 

o 



< 






BASE BALL GLIDE. 



73 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES PLAYED 

DURING THE 

SEASON OF 1880. 



to 










Kuns 




Date, 
1880. 


Names op Contestants. 


Where 
Played. 


Winn t no 
Club. 


Scored. 


r h © 






°.& 










^ = 


i.2 


O 












^u 


fc 










£ 




1 


May 1 


Providence vk. Boston. . . 


Providence Providence 


8 





2 


1 


Chicago vis. Cincinnati... 


Cincinnati . < Chicago. .. 


4 


3 


3 


" 1 


Baft'&lo VS. Cleveland ... 


1 'leveland .. [Buffalo 


1 


4 


4 


1 


Troy City vs. Worcester . 


Worcester..! Worcester . 


13 


1 


5 


4 


4( »( 


u " 


7 


3 


6 


" 4 Buffalo vs. Clevc'and 


Cleveland.. > leveland .. 


6 


•z 


7 


4 


Boston vs. Providence... 


Boston 'Boston 


4 


3 


8 


" 4 


Cincinnati vs Chicago.. 


Cincinnati ■ 1 t* Lnnati 


4 


2 


9 


" 6 


'* M ♦.. 


" Chicago . 


5 


3 


10 


« 6 


Providence vs. Boston.. . 


I'rovidenee 'I rovidence 


1 





11 


5 


Troy City vs. Worcester.. 


\\ On . star l ra * tits . 


3 


1 


12 


" 6 


buffalo vs. Cleveland 


Cleveland... Cleveland.. 


22 


3 


13 


(( N 


" M 


Buffalo ....JBuffdo 


~r 


(I 


14 


7 


Boston vs. Troy City. ... 


Boston j Boston — 


5 


4 


15 


" 7 


Worcester vs. Providence 


Providence Worcester., 

Chicago Chicago 


3 


2 . 


16 


" 7 


Chicago vs. I iucinnati. .. 


20 


7 


17 


8 


Boston vs, Troy city 


Boston 


Troy City.. 


7 





18 


8 


Worcester vs. Providence 


Worcester . 


Worcester., 


10 


8 


19 


8 


leveland vs. Buffalo 


Bnffalo .... 


Cleveland .. 


5 


2 


80 


" 10 


Chicago vs. Cincinnati. .. 


Chicago 


(hicago — 


IS 


1 


21 


" 11 


"■ " 


" 


., 


fi 





22 


■< 11 


( leveland vs. Buffalo..., 


Buffalo. ... 


Cleveland .. 


6 


2 


23 


" 11 


Boston vs. Troy city 


Boston ... 


Boston 


13 


7 


24 


kt 11 


Worcester vs. Providence 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


7 


fi 


25 


" 18 


Chicago vs. Buffalo 


Chicago.. . 


Chicago.. . 








26 


13 


Cincinnati vs. Cleveland. 


i incinuati. 


Cincinnati 


1 





27 


M M 


<< M 




i leveland .. 


6 


3 


28 


« 14 


Chicago vs. Buffalo 


Chicago 


Chicago 


;j 


1 


29 


" 11 


Worcester vs. Boston 


Boston 


Boston 


ti 


5 


30 


- " 14 


Troy City vs. Providence. 


Providence 


Providence 





5 


31 


" 15 


4. M 


" 


Troy City.. 





4 


32 


" 15 


Chicago vs. Buffalo 


Chicago 


- hicago . . 


(J 


3 


33 


M J 5 


V* orcestcr vs. Boston .... 


Worcester.. 


Worcester.. 


6 


B 


34 


" 15 


Cleveland vs. Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati.. 


Cleveland.. 


5 


3 


35 


* 17 


Worcester vs. Boston 


Worcester.. 


Worcester,. 


19 


10 


86 


" lb 


Troy City vs. Worcester.. 


Troy 


Trot City... 


10 


1 


37 


" 18 


Cincinnati vs. Buffalo — 


Cincinnati . 


Buffalo.... 


6 


5 


38 


« 18 


l hicago vs. Cleveland... 


Chicago,*.. 


Chicago 


10 


fi 


3D 


M 2(1 


** * 4 


M 


M 


3 


1 


40 


" 20 


Troy City vs. Worcester.. 


Troy 


Troy City.. 


5 


»> 


41 


" 20 


Providence vs. Boston... 


Providence. 


Providence 


1 





42 


" 21 


'" *' ... 


Bostou 


M 


17 


4 


43 


U CM 


** " ... 


■* 


tf 


9 


2 



74 



SPALDING S OFFICIAL 

Eecord of Championship Games — Continued, 



m 










RUNS 


g . 


Date, 

1880. 


Nahbs of Contestants. 


Where 
Played. 


Winning 
Club. 


Scored. 




%4 


be • 














n3. 


44 


May 22 


Worcester vs. Trov City. 


Troy 


Worcester.. 


15 


2 


45 


22 


Cincinnati vs. Buffalo 


Cincinnati 


Buffalo... . 


2 


1 


46 


" 22 


Chicago vs. Cleveland... 


Chicago 


Chicago 


8 


5 


47 


" 24 


Cincinnati vs. Buflalo... 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati. 


17 


4 


48 


44 24 


Boston vs. Troy City 


Troy 


Troy City.. 


8 


1 


49 


* JJ5 


** ** 


M 


Boston 


14 


7 


5U 


44 25 


Chicago vs. Buffalo .. .. 


Buffalo 


Chicago 

Providence 


8 


a 


61 


li 25 


Providence vs. Worcester 


Providence 


7 


1 


52 


M 2S 


Cincinnati vs. Cleveland. 


Cle\ eland ... 


Cleveland .. 


6 


5 


53 


44 20 


»• u 


'* 


** 


6 


2 


54 


" 26 


Buffalo vs. Chicago 


Buffalo. .. 


Chicago 


4 


2 


55 


44 26 


Worcester vs. Providence 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


10 


2 


6H 


44 27 


• t M 


Providence 


Providence 


4 


1 


57 


h 27 


Buffalo vs. Chicago 


Buflalo 


Chicago 


11 





58 


44 27 


Boston vs. Troy City..... 


Troy 


Boston 


5 


2 


59 


44 29 


'* vs. Chicago 


Boston 


*" 


11 


10 


60 


44 29 


Providence vs. Cleveland 


Providence. 


Cleveland. 


3 





61 


u 29 


Worcester vs. Cincinnati 


Worcester 


Cincinnati. 


K 


2 


62 


44 29 


Troy City vs. Buffalo 


Troy 


Troy City.. 


5 


1 


63 


" 31 


M it ^ 


M 


Buflalo 


19 


10 


64 


June 1 


Chicago vs. Boston 


Boston 


Boston 


5 


4 


65 


1 


Cleveland vs. Providence 


Providence 


Cleveland.. 


8 


7 


66 


1 


Worcester vs. Cincinnati 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


33 





67 


2 


Chicago vs. Boston 

Cleveland vs. Providence 


Boston 


Chicago.... 


5 


4 


68 


2 


Providence 


Providence 


8 


5 


69 


m 2 


Troy City vs. Buffalo 


Troy 


Troy (Ity . 


10 


2 


70 


44 8 


Worcester vs. « incinnatl 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


4 





71 


4 


* 4 vs. Buflalo 


M 


Buffalo 


6 


1 


72 


4 


Boston vs. Cleveland 


Boston 


Cleveland.. 


5 


2 


73 


• 4 


Cincinnati vs. Troy City. 


Troy 


Troy City . . 


4 





74 


" 5 


it H 




Troy City.. 


9 


5 


75 


5 


Boston vs. Cleveland.... 


Boston 


Cleveland,. 


5 


2 


76 


•• 5 


Chicago vs. Providence.. 


Providence 


t bicago 


(5 


3 


77 


" 5 


Buffalo vs. Worcester 


Worcester . 


Buflalo.. .. 


3 


1 


78 


u 7 


Chicago vs. Providence.. 


Providence 


Chicago 


7 


1 


79 


8 


M M 


14 


'* 


6 


4 


80 


8 


Cincinnati vs. Troy City. 


Troy. 


Troy City.. 


3 


2 


81 


U J) 


Boston vs. Cleveland 


Boston .... 


Boston 


■4 


3 


82 


« 9 


Worcester vs. Buffalo 


Worcester.. 


Worcester.. 


8 


5 


83 


** 10 


M vs. Cleveland.,. 


»• 


N 


5 





84 


« 10 


Chicago vs. Trov City.... 


Troy 


Chicago 


8 


5 


85 


" 10 


Buffalo vs. Boston 


Boston 


Boston 


19 


8 


86 


" 10 


Providence vs. Cincinnati 


Providence 


Providence 


8 





87 


M 11 


Chicago vs. Trov City 


Troy 


Chicago 


10 


5 


88 


" 12 


Providence vs. Cincinnati 


Providence 


Providence 


11 


4 


89 


* 12 


Buffalo vs. Boston 


Boston 


Buflalo .... 


5 





90 


* 12 


Worcester vs. Cleveland. 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


1 





91 


14 


" <( 


" 


Cleveland.. 


7 


1 


92 


44 14 


Buffalo vs. Boston 


Boston 


Boston 


5 





93 


" U 


Troy City vs. Chicago — 
Providence vs. Cincinnati 


Troy 


Chicago .. . 


16 


2 


94 


u 14 


Providence Providence 


6 


1 



BASE BALL GUIDE. 



75 





Eecord of Championship 


Games— 


-Continued. 




00 










Runs 


Id 


Date, 

1880. 


Names of Contestants. 


WlIEltE 
PLAYE4). 


Winning 
Qiajr. 


Scored. 


3 £ 


a . 


35 


o 










5~ 


95 


June 16 


Piovidenco vs. Buffalo.... 


Providence 


Providence 


5 


2 


96 


16 


Chicago vs. Worcester. . . 


Worcester . 


Chicago ... 


7 


6 


97 


" 16 


Boston vs. Cincinnati 


Boston 


Boston 


11 


2 


98 

eg 


16 
i* 17 


Cleveland vs. Troy City.. 


Troy 


Cleveland.. 


9 

14 


5 

7 


100 


11 17 


Boston vs. Cincinnati. . . 


Boston 


Cincinnati. 


13 


2 


101 


17 


Chicago vs. Worcester.. . 


Worcester . 


Chicago .. . 
Providence 


11 


8 


302 


" 17 


Providence vs. Buffalo... 


Providence 


5 





108 


M W 


kt M 


»i 


t* 


8 


3 


104 


u 19 


Chicago vs. Worcester.. . 


Worcester . 


Chicago . . . 


8 


7 


1<>5 


" 19 


Boston vs. Cincinnati 


Boston 


Boston 


7 


6 


106 


* k 19 


Troy City vs. Cleveland.. 


Troy 


Cleveland . 


18 


6 


107 


*« <>* 


44 vs Chicago 


Chicago 


Chicago . . . 


5 


2 


106 


w 2i 


Buffalo vs. Boston 


Buffalo 


Buffalo 


9 


4 


109 


* 2-2 


Cleveland vs. Providence 


Cleveland i. 


Providence 


10 


5 


110 


' * 2-' 


Cincinnati vs. Worcester 


Cincinnati. 


Worcester . 


5 


2 


111 


23 


»« M 


ik 


M 


8 


3 


112 


14 23 


Chicago vs. Troy City 


Chicago 


Chicago .. . 


10 


4 


113 


M 23 


Boston vs. Buffalo 


Buffalo ..... 


Boston 


7 


ft 


114 


" 23 


Providence vs. Cleveland 


Cleveland.. 


Providence 


4 


1 


115 


u 24 


H U 


M 


Cleveland.. 


5 


4 


116 


" 24 


Chicago vs. Troy City.. . . 


Chicago ... 


Chicago 


9 


3 


117 


24 


Buffalo vs. Boston 


Buffalo 


Buffalo 


7 


6 


118 


k * 21 


Cincinnati vs. Worcester 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati. 


7 


5 


119 


" 26 


Chicago vs. 


Chicago ... 


Chicago 


4 





1-20 


M 26 


Providence vs. Buffalo... 


Buffalo 


Providence 


4 


3 


121 


" 26 


Cleveland vs. Boston 


Cleveland.. 


Boston 


6 


0> 


122 


»* 28 


« «t 


it 


it 


7 


5 


123 


ii 28 


Buffalo vs. Providence..'. 


Buffalo 


Buffalo 


3 


2 


124 


" 28 


Chicago vs. Worcester... 


Chicago 


Chicago . .. 


4 


1 


125 


29 


.« t* 


** 


14 


9 


5 


126 


29 


Boston vs. Cleveland 


Cleveland . 


Cleveland.. 


6 


& 


127 


" OC) 


Buffalo vs. Providence... 


Buffalo 


Providence 


7 


% 


128 


« 30 


Cincinnati vs. Troy Citv. 


Cincinnati. 


Troy City . 


4 


1 


129 


July 1 


Buffalo u * 4 


Buffalo 


44 


4 





130 


" 2 


Chicago vs. Boston 

Cleveland vs. Worcester. 


Chicago — Chicago .... 


10 


3 


131 


41 2 


Cleveland .. IClcveiand. . 


6 


4 


132 


2 


Cincinnati vs. Providence 


Cincinnati. 


Providence 


5 


1 


133 


u. 3 


it M 


44 


14 


6 


4 


131 


8 


Buffalo vs. Troy City 


Buffalo 


Troy City.. 

Chicago ... 


8 


7 


135 


3 


Chicago vs. Boston 


Chicago.... 


6 


1 


190 


5 


** vs. Providence 


44 


*. 


8 


2 


137 


% * 5 


Boston vs. Cincinnati... 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati. 


7 


£ 


13S 


11 5 


Cleveland vs. Troy City.. 


Cleveland,. 


Cleveland*. 


5 


4 


139 


** 6 


Buffalo vs. Worcester 


Buffalo .... 


Buffalo 


1 





140 


if 


" *. 


M 


*• 


7 


a 


141 


6 


Chicago vs. Providence. . 


Chicago. ... 


Chicago 


7 


1 


142 


8 


Cincinnati vs. Boston 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati. 


5 


2 


143 


6 


Cleveland vs. Troy City.. 


Cleveland.. 


Troy City 


8 


1 


144 


<* 8 


»* u 


*' 


* 4 


5 


2 


145 


M 8 


Chicago vs. Providence.. 


Chicago 


Chicago ... 


5 


4 



76 Spalding's official 

Record of Championship Games — Continued. 



m 










Brora 


a . 


Date, 

1880, 


Names of Contestants. 


WlIEHE 

Played. 


Winning 
Club. 


Scored. 




1-9 


CJ.O 


o ?r 










d a 




d^ 










§P 


©5 


% 










19 


M 


146 


July 8 


Boston vs. Cincinnati . . ., 


Cincinnati. 


Boston 


5 


147 

148 


** 8 Buffalo vs. Worcester . . . 


Buffalo 


Buffalo 


10 


2 


u 101 " Cincinnati.. .. 


" 


Cincinnati. 


2 


1 


149 


N 10' Cleveland vs. Chicago... 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland.. 


2 





150 


M 10 1 Troy City vs. Providenco 
** 10 Boston vs. Worcester 


Troy 


Troy City .. 


7 


5 


151 


Boston 


Worcester., 


3 





152 


H 13 | * 


Worcester.. 


** 


9 


8 


153 


H 13 Chicago vs. Cleveland. . . 


Cleveland .. 


Chicago . . . 
Troy City.. 
Buffalo..*... 


3 





154 


" 13 Providence vs. Troy City 


Troy 


6 


4 


155 


" 13 Buffalo vs. Cincinnati . . ,. 


Buffalo 


10 


7 


156 


n 14 | .. 


m 


** 


5 


3 


157 


H 14 Chicago vs. Cleveland. . . 
44 14 Providence vs. Troy City 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland .. 


4 


1 


158 


Troy 


Providence 


7 


2 


159 


'* 14 1 Boston vs. Worcester. . . . 


Boston... . 


Worcester . 


6 


5 


160 


* 4 16, Cleveland vs. ** 


Worcester . 


Cleveland .. 


5 


4 


161 


'* 16 Chicago vs. Troy. ........ 


Troy 

Providence 


Chicago.. .. 


6 


2 


162 


44 16! Buffalo vs. Providence . . . 


Buffalo 


1 





163 


44 16! Cincinnati vs. Boston. . . 


Boston... . 


Cincinnati, 


4 





164 


it l7 >• » 


ii 


Boston..... 


4 





165 


** 17| Chicago vs. Troy City. . . . 


Troy.. 


Chicago 

Providence 


11 


4 


166 


*' lTj Buffalo vs. Providence.. . 


Providence 


5 


4 


167 


H 17, Cleveland vs. Worcester . 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


7 


1 


168 


** 19 Chicago vs. Troy City 


Troy . 


Troy City.. 


12 


9 


169 


" 21 (Cleveland 


M 


Cleveland ,. 


3 


1 


170 


44 21 


Chicago vs. Worcester. . . 


Worcester.. 


Chicago.... 


4 


1 


171 


H 21 


Boston vs. Cincinnati.... 


Boston . 


Boston 


4 


2 


172 


44 21 


Providence vs. Buffalo.. . 
44 vs. Cincinnati 


Providence 


Providence 


fi 


3 


173 


** 22 


ii 


it 


6 


2 


174 


« 22 


Boston vs. Buffalo 


Boston 


Boston 


4 


1 


175 


* 23 


t* »< 


44 


44 


4 


2 


176 


" 23 Worcester vs. Chicago. . . 


Worcester . 


Chicago.... 
Cleveland.. 


3 


1 


177 


*' 23 Trov City vs. Cleveland.. 


Troy 


10 


2 


178 


M 23 


Providence vs. Cincinnati 


Providence 


Providence 


5 





179 


m 2 4 


ii ii 


*i 


Cincinnati. 


3 


2 


180 


M 24 


Boston vs. Buffalo, 


Boston 


Boston 


14 


1 


181 


* 4 24 


Worcester vs. Chicago, . . 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


4 


3 


182 


*« 21 


Troy City vs. Cleveland.. 


Troy 


Cleveland.. 


8 


4 


183 


M 27 


M vs. Buffalo.... 


44 


Troy 


8 


6 


184 


M 27 


Chicago vs. Providence.. 


Providence 


Providence 


6 


2 


185 


* 4 27 


Boston vs. Cleveland .... 


Boston 


Cleveland.. 


r> 


2 


186 


m 27 


Worcester vs. Cincinnati 


Worcester . 


Worcester . 


3 


1 


1*7 


14 29 


M M 


if 


M 


3 


2 


188 


44 29 


Troy City vs. Buffalo 


Troy., 


Troy City. . 


9 


2 


189 


N 29 


Providence vs. Chicago.. 


Providence 


Providence 


8 


4 


190 


44 29 


Boston vs. Cleveland 


Boston 


Boston 


7 





191 


44 30 


Troy City vs. Buffalo 


Troy 


Troy City.. 


7 


6 


192 


44 31 


Boston vs Cleveland .... 


Boston 


Cleveland .. 


7 


2 


193 


44 31 


Providence vs. Chicago.. 


Providence 


Chicago.... 


4 


1 


194 


41 31 


Worcester vs. Cincinnati 


Worcester.. 


Worcester.. 


6 


5 


195 


Aug, 5 
** 5 


44 vs. Buffalo . . 


" 


Buffalo... . 


4 


3 


196 


Chicago vs. Boston 


Boston 


Chicago.... 


3 






BASE BALL GUIDE. 77 

Record of Championship Games — Continued. 



m 










Runs 


a .' 

525 


Date, 

1880. 


Names of Contestants. 


WlIEIlK 

Playkd. 


Winning 
Ci.un. 


Scohed. 


1-2 


bo . 










r3 
r> 


2 5 


197 


Aug, 5 


Troy City vs. Cincinnati. 


Troy 


Troy City .. 


1 





196 


5 


Providence vs. Cleveland 


Providence 


Providence 


2 


1 


199 


u, 6 


tt u 


M 


** 


6 





200 


" b Boston vs. Chicago 


Boston .... 


Boston 


4 


3 


SOI 


*' 6 Troy City vs. Cincinnati . 


rtoy 


Troy City.. 


4 


2 


202 


" 6 


Buffalo vs. Worcester . . . 


Worcester . 


Buffalo,.. . 


4 





203 


7 


** »* 


»< 


Wo re est or . 





1 


304 


11 7 


Bcston vb. Chicago 


Boston 


Chicago 


6 


3 


205 


7 


Cincinnati vs. Troy City. 


Troy 


Troy City.. 


5 


3 


206 


7 


Providence vs. Cleveland 


Providence 


Providence 


9 


i) 


207 


*' 10 


vs. Chicago.. 


Chicago. ■ .. 


( 'hicago — 


5 


1 


208 


44 10 


Boston vs. Cincinnati.... 


Ciricinnal i . 


Boston 


9 


3 


209 


it jo 


Troy City vs. Buffalo 


Buffalo .... 


Troy City. . 


3 


^ 


210 


<* 10 


Cleveland vs. Worcester . 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland .. 


5 





211 


44 11 


i* •* 


fct 


>* 


3 


2 


212 


" 11 


Troy City vs. Buffalo. . . . 


Buffalo 


Troy City.. 


4 


1 


213 


12 


m *• 


u 


* i« 


5 


1 


S14 


" 12 


Boston vs. Cincinnati 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati. 


11 


2 


215 


44 12 


Providence vs. Chicago. . 


Chicago.... 


Providence 


6 


4 


216 


it 12 


Worcester vs. Cleveland. 


Cleveland .. 


Cleveland.. 


8 


3 


217 


'* 13 


M »• 


** 


Worcester . 


3 


1 


218 


M 14 


Boston vs. Cincinnati... 


Cincinnati. 


Boston 


6 


2 


219 


« 14 


Troy City vs. Buffalo — 


Buffalo 


Troy City.. 


16 


1 


220 


" 14 


Providence vs. Chicago.. 


Chicago 

Cleveland., 


Chicago ... 


5 


3 


221 


* 4 16 


Cleveland vs. Worcester. 


Wore- 


3 


1 


222 


41 16 


»4 M 


*t 


u 


H 


2 


223 


w 17 


14 Troy City. ... 


** 


Cleveland.. 


5 


3 


224 


" 1? 


Chicago vs. Boston 


Chicago 


Chicago 


14 


6 


225 


n 17 


Buffalo vs. Worcester 


Buffalo 


Buffalo 


6 


1 


226 


ft j7 


Cincinnati vs. Providence 


Cincinnati. 


Providence 


4 


2 


227 


* 18 


u . ti 


44 


ik 


3 


2 


m 


44 18 


Chicago vs. Boston 


Chicago 


Chicago 


7 


1 


229 


« 19 


** kk 


^ 


*• 


6 





S3J 


" 19 Cincinnati vs. Providence 


Cincinnati. 


Providence 


5 


2 


231 


44 20 Cleveland vb. Troy City. . 


Cleveland.. 


Troy City.. 


5 


2 


232 


ft jjo 


Buffalo vs. Worcester 


Buffalo 


Buffalo 


1 





238 


* 21 


ft ft 


* k 


Worcester . 


8 





234 


" 21 


Chicago vs. Boston 

Cleveland vs. Troy City . . 


Chicago.... 


Chicago 


11 


2 


255 


44 21 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland.. 


1 





236 


• v 2:1 


Cincinnati vs. Providence 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati. 


5 


3 


237 


* 24 


Cleveland vs. 44 


Cleveland.. 


Providence 


5 





238 


44 21 


Worcester vs. Chicago. . . 


Chicago ... 


Chicago 


2 


1 


239 


24 


Boston vs. Buffalo 


Buffalo 


Boston 


11 


2 


240 


21 


Cincinnati vs. Troy City. 


Cincinnati. 


Troy City.. 


11 


1 


241 


41 25 


*<■ « 


44 


Cincinnati. 


5 


8 


212 


44 86 


Chicago vs. Worcester. . . 


Chicago. .. 


Chicago.... 


9 


4 


243 


44 26 


Cleveland vs. Providence 


Cleveland.. 


Providence 


4 


3 


244 


44 27 


Boston vs. Buffalo 


Buffalo 


Boston 


5 


3 


245 


44 27 


Cincinnati vs. Troy City. 


Cincinnati. 


Troy City.. 


3 


2 


216 


• 28 


it *« 


it 


11 


13 


2 


217 


44 28 


Cleveland vs. Providence 


Cleveland.. 


Providence 


6 






I 



78 Spalding's official 

Record of Championship 6 amiss — Continued. 



X, 












Rr 


NS 


h 


Date, 

1880. 


Names of Contestants. 


Where 
Played. 


W INNING 

Via b. 


8C0UEI>. 


si 


u 


QJ2 


o 












4 


%C3 


248 


Aug. 


2!* 


Boston vs. BuiTalo ....... 


Buffalo. .. . 


Boston 


2 


249 




80 


Chicago vs. Worcester... 


Chicago 


Worcester . 


7 


4 


250 


it 


81 


vs. Troy City.... 


M 


Chicago 


2 


1 


251 


u 


81 


Buffalo vs. Providence. . . 


Buffalo .... 


Providence 


3 


2 


252 


(I 


31 


Boston \ s. Cleveland 


Cleveland... 


l leveland .. 


5 


3 


253 


tt 


31 


Cincinnati vs. Worcester, 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati 


7 


5 


254 


Sept. 


1 


M M 


ti 


Worcester.. 


8 


4 


255 


a 


1 


Boston vs. Cleveland ... 


Cleveland .. 


Cleveland. . 


10 


8 


256 


u 


1 


Providence vs. Buffalo... 


Buffalo .... 


Providence 


6 


8 


257 


u 


2 


*t *>• 


tt 


it 


7 


1 


258 


M 


2 


Cleveland vs. Boston 


Cleveland.. 


Boston 


6 


2 


259 


tC 


% 


Chicago vs. Troy City ... 


Chicago — 


Chicago. ,. 


1 





260 


H 


2 


ii ii 


k * 


Troy City.. 


5 


1 


261 


M 


4 


" vs. Buffalo 


Buffalo... . 


Chicago 


6 


5 


262 


II 


4 


Boston vs. Troy City 


Troy City, . 


Boston 


4 


3 


263 


" 


4 


Providence vs. Worcester 


Providence. 


Providence 


5 


3 


264 


it 


t; 


tt tt 


11 


M 


4 


1 


265 


M 


i, 


Troy vs. Boston 


Troy 


Troy City.. 
Chicago. ... 
Cleveland .. 


5 


9 


866 


« 


6 


Buffalo vs. Chicago 


Buffalo 


9 


6 


207 


K 


6 


Cleveland vs. Cincinnati. 


Cleveland.. 


1 





268 


II 


7 


tt ii 


it 


Cincinnati. 


5 


4 


269 


(I 


7 


tt ii 


it 


Cleveland ... 


6 





270 


It 


7 


Buffalo vs. Chicago 


Buffalo 


Chicago 


7 


4 


271 


U 


7 


Boston vs. Troy City 


Troy 


Troy City.. 


6 


3 


272 


ll 


S 


Cleveland vs. Cincinnati. 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland. . 


4 


2 


273 


« 


6 


Providence vs. Worcester 


Providence 


Providence 


8 


5 


«4 


M 


9 


Boston vs. ** 


Boston 


Worcester.. 


7 





275 


II 


9 


Cleveland vs. Chicago... 


Cleveland.. 


Chicago — 


5 


3 


27 a 


ll 


9 


Buffalo vs, Cincinnati 


Buffalo 


Cincinnati. 


6 


2 


277 


a 


9 


Providence vs. Troy City. 


Troy.. 


Providence 


1 





27b 


u 


JO 


Cleveland vs. Chicago.. . 


Cleveland.. 


Chicago.. . 


8 


5 


279 


14 


11 


*' ** 


ii 


Cleveland .. 


2 





280 


a 


11 


Buffalo vs. Cincinnati, . . . 


Buffalo 


Buffalo .... 


19 


2 


281 


u 


11 


Troy City \e. Providence. 


Albany... . 


Troy City.. 


6 


4 


282 


II 


11 


Boston vs. Y\ orcester 


Boston 


Boston 


4 


1 


283 


(i 


13 


i. tt 


M 


ti 


7 


1 


284 


it 


14 


Troy City vs. H 


Trov 


Worcester . 


11 


2 


28 V 


it 


11 


Buffalo vs. Cleveland — 


Buffalo.,.. 


Cleveland . 


7 


6 


286 


41 


14 


Cincinnati vs Chicago.. 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati, 


5 


2 


287 


It 


15 


t. k| 


" 


Chicago 


5 


2 


i88 


(4 


IB 


Buffalo vs. Cleveland 


Buffalo 


Buffalo 


4 


3 


289 


a 


IS 


Boston vs. Providence... 


Boston 


Boston 


5 


4 


290 


M 


It, 


«» t* 


Providence 


tt 


10 


7 


291 


it 


16 


Buffalo vs. Cleveland 


Buffalo .. . 


Cleveland.. 


5 


4 


i?92 


t( 


16 


Cincinnati vs. Chicago... 


Cincinnati.. 


Chicago 


17 


9 


293 


14 


16 


Troy City vs. Worcester.. 


Troy 


Worcester.. 


6 


2 


294 


** 


17 


i* ii 


l * .. .,.. 


H 


3 


1 


295 


M 


1. 


Boston vs. Providence... 


Boston 


Boston 


13 


1 


296 


it 


is 


t. ti 


H 


M . ... 


4 


1 


297 


.1 


IS 


Cleveland vs. Buffalo 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland.. 


8 


3 


298 


it 


18 


Worcester vs. Troy City., 


Worcester.. 


Troy City... 


4 


3 



BASE BALL GUIDE. 79 

Record of Championship Games — Continued. 



Tfl 










Buns 


or 


Date, 

1880. 


Names of Contestants. 


WlIEKE 

Played. 


Winking 
Club. 


Scored. 


tin 


to . 

IE 3 


o 










£° 


^ 


299 


Sept. 20 


Worcester vs. Troy City.. 


Worcester . 


Trov City.. 


7 


1 


3;m> 


" 20 


Provicknee. vs. Boston 


Providence 


Providence 


5 





301 


M 20 


Chicago vs. Cincinnati... 


Chicago 


Chicago ... 


8 


3 


SOS 


M 21 


i. u 


** 


i< 


5 


4 


808 


" 21 


Cleveland vs. Buffalo.... 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland.. 


11 


4 


304 


M 21 


i\<:\ Idence vs. Boston, . . 


Providence 


Providence 


8 


1 


3J5 


M 2| 


Worcester vs. Troy City. 


Worcester . 


Wo rc< St el' . 


17 


2 


3m; 


'* On 


Providence vs. ■* 


Providence 


Providence 


7 


8 


8(17 


(t o.i 


Cleveland vs. Buffalo 


Cleveland.. 


Cleveland.. 


8 


1 


3<x 


11 22 


Chicago vs. Cincinnati.,. 


Chicago. . .. 


Chicago 


5 


3 


809 


11 23 


Providence vs. Troy City 


Providence 


Providence 


12 





BIO 


" 23 


Worcester vs. Boston 


\\ oreester . 


Worcester.. 





4 


31] 


44 24 


% " 


ii 


ik 


16 


2 


812 


21 


Providence vs.Trov City. 


Providence 


Providence 


2 


1 


818 


24 


Cincinnati vs. Buffalo.. 


Cincinnati 


Cincinnati. 


R 


5 


Hit 


« 24 


Chicago vs. Cleveland 


Chicago ... 


Chicago ... 


8 





815 


i4 25 


i» it 


** 


Clevefnnd.. 


8 


8 


816 


M 25 


Providence vs. Troy Citv 


Providence 


Troy City. . 


3 


1 


817 


•• 25 


Worcester vs. Boston 


Worcester.. 


Boston ..... 


8 


3 


31 s 


II Or. 


Cincinnati vs. Buffalo . .. 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati, 


6 


4 


810 


♦1 2T 


Providence vs. Troy Citv 


Providence 


Providence 


5 


3 


32D 


II j>" 


Chicago vs. Cleveland.... 


Chicago 


Chicago 


7 


2 


821 


1 2,* 


" vs. Buffalo 


" 


i. 


5 


3 


822 


* 28 


1 toe ton vs. Troy City . 


Boston 


Troy City 




ft 


823 


* 88 


nati vs. Cleveland 


Cincinnati. 


Cleveland.. 


7 


3 


834 


" 2i< 


it it 


" 


« 


R 


2 


8.\"> 


** 29 


o vs. Buffalo 


Chicago 


Buffalo 


19 


10 


820 


<* 29 


Worcester vs. Providence 


Wore 


Worcester.. 


5 


4 


827 


** 2b 


Boston vs. Troy City 


Boston 


Boston 


6 


5 


32H 


" 80 


(i a 


** 


.» 


4 


8 


329 


« 80 


Cleveland vs. Cincinnati 


Cincinnati. 


Cincinnati. 


2 





880 


*• 80 


Chicago vs. Buffalo 


Chicago . . 


Chicago .. . 


10 


8 


331 


Oct. 1 


Worcester vs. Providence 


Worcester.. 


Providence 


8 


1 


332 


it j 




" 


Worcester.. 


5 


1 


Total . 


22 i2 


877 



Total Number of Runs Scored, 3,099. 



RUNS SCORED BY CLUBS. 

Opponents, 



Chicago 588 

Providence 899 

Cleveland 383 

Troy City 893 

Worcester jj'J* 

Boston.... , .... 408 

Buffalo * 314 

Cincinnati | ..",'.' " * ' 277 

3009 



311 
279 
883 

438 
37,2 
443 

453 

80& 



Average number of runs scored per game by winning nubs <;■( 9 

Average number of runs scored per game by losing clubs 2*64 



80 



SPALDING S OFFICIAL 
SCHEDULE OF LEAGUE GAMES FOR 1881. 





6 










a 


6 


t2 




1881. 


o 




O 




^ o 

O 


*1 

o 

R 


o 


^H 2 






July &> 


May 5 


Julv 


16 


June 17 


June 11 


June 4 


May 30 






" 23 


6 


K 


19 


" 18 


" 14 


" 7 


June 1 






" M 


II (J- 


<< 


% 


" 21 


" 16 


m 


»» 2 






Aug. 27 


Sept. 2 
8 


Sept 


8 

9 


Sept. 13 
" 14 


Sept. 17 
« go 


Sept. 28 
(t 2!> 


Sept. 2:3 
A 2(J 






* 81 


" 


" 


!'■ 


" 15 


" 21 


" 30 


w 27 




Aug. 9 




July 16 


May 


5 


•J una 11 


June 17 


Mtiv 80 


June 6 




'• 11 




u 19 


" 


o 


*• 14 


" 18 June 1 


i. 7 


Detroit. 


" 18 




'* 2(» 


l( 


5 


" 15 


" 21 


.i 2 


M 9 




" 20 




Ang. 16 


Sep! 


2 


Sept. 17 


3epfc 13 


Sept. sa 


cpt.iH 




M 23 




If J 7 


** 


fl 


• 20 


" 14 


1 24 


" 29 




" 25 




h 18 


" 


»; 


«* 21 


« 15 


" 27 


» 80 




May 2 


Aug. 2 




July 


vj 


May 30 


June 4 


June 17 


June 13 




" 8 


" 4 




%<c 


89 


■ 


» 7 


M 18 


" 14 


Cleveland 


»< 4 


V( 6 




*« 


86 


2 


" 9 


" 21 


11 16 




July 28 


Sept. 8 




Aup. 


::'; 


Sept. "J 


8ept.3S 


Sept. 17 


Sept. 13 




" 29 


" o 






80 


*• 29 


■* 24 


■ 2 


" 14 




" 30 


" 10 




«« 


:)I 


'■ 80 


rf 2; 


•• SI 


►« 15 




Aug. 2 


May S 


Aug. 9 






June 4 


May 30 


June n 






" 4 


* a 


*• 11 






'* 7 


June 1 


•* 14 


' k 20 


Buffalo 


« 6 


*< 4 


" 13 






" 9 


11 2 «• 16 


t( 21 




" 16 


July 28 


" 20 






Sept. 23 


Sept. 28jSept. 13 
* 29 ' f 14 


Sept. 17 




t* 1? 


-■ ss 


<* 23 






■• 24 


•• 19 




'• 18 




" 25 






" 27 


«• 30 " IB 


'■ 21 




May 20 May 25 


May ii 


May 


10 




May 2 July 21 


July 16 




* 21 


- 28 


,t 17 


tt 


1! 




'• 4 


" Xb 


M 18 


Boston. 


M 24 


.. 28 


" 18 


M 


!.' 




44 <i 


Aug, 4 


Si SO 




July 4 


July June 21 


June 29 




Aug. 8 


• 


Aug. 27 




M 5 


- IS 


M 25 


■• 


HU 




" 9i 


« 29 




« 7 


" 13 


« ErLruly 


2 




Sept 8 


" 25 


" 31 




May 25 


: 


May K'.Mav 


14 


May 3 




July i!' 


July 22 




" 26 


" 21 «*" 111 " 


« 


' 5 




u 28, ** «5 


ProTid ce 


11 27 


June 29 July 4 July 


II 


<« 7 




" 80 «* 26 




June 24 


«t 


An*. 11 




Aug. Idfeept. 2 




" 25 


' 30 


" 5 


it 


12 


8< pt 7 




1 i 


H 8 




" 27 


July 2 


u 7 


a 


13 


•■ 10 




lk 18 


(t 5 




May 14 


May 10 


May 25 


May 


20 


July 23 


July 16 




May 5 




•• r, 


M U 


» 26 


" 


81 


Aug. 2 


U gQ 




" 6 


Worcester 


.< is 


" 12 


•< 28 


ii 


21 


" 6 


" 29 




w 7 




July 9 
* 12 


July 4 

" 5 


June 20 
" 30 


June 

f< 


84 

88 


Bept 2 

8 


Aug. 27 

{i so 




8e V t. 7 




" 13 


" 7 July 2 


(1 




5 


" 31 




« 10 




May 10 


May UMay 20 


May 


25 


July 28 


Aug. 2 


May 2 






" 11 


■* 17 * 21 


u 




»• -29 


* -1 


» 2 




Troy City. 


*• 12 


« 18 " 24 


M 




M 80 


u 6 


« 4 




June 29 


June 24 July 9 


July 


4 


Aug. 10 


(t 20 


Aug. 9 








' SSJ M 12 


** 


:. 


" 17 


l( 23 


« 11 






July • 


" 27 


" 13 


<t 


7 


" 18 


" 25 


(t 13 





!^2 



BASE BALL GUIDE. 81 

OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 

The following is an official list of the Officers and Players 
of Clubs belonging to the "National League of Professional 
Base Ball Clubs," for the season of 1SS1, as far as completed, 
March i. 

BOSTON BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, OF BOSTON, 
MASS. 

A. II. SODEtf, President, Harry Wright, Secretary. 

E. B. Sutton, Wm. Crow lev, 
John F. Morrill, Thomas D easier, 
J. J. Burdock, Jno. Richmond, 

C, N. Snyder, Joseph Horning, 

James E. Whitney, George Wright, 
Thos. H. Bond. 

BUFFALO BASE BALL ASSOCIATION OF 
BUFFALO, N. Y. 

Josiaii J ewett, President. E. A. Spexcrr, Secretary. 

H Richardson, C. J. Foley, 

J. F. Galvin, J. L. White, 

T.J. Sullivan, ). C. Rowe, 

J. II. Morrissey, D. W. Force, 

J. Lynch, J. J. Peters, 

James O'Rourke. 

CHICAGO BALL CLUB, OF CHICAGO, ILL. 

W. A. Hulbert, President. A. G. Spalding, Secretary. 
1 08 Michigan Avenm . 
A. C. Anson, J. L. Quest, 

F. S. Flint, A. Dalrymple, 

E. N. Williamson, Geo. F.'Gore, 

M. J. Kelly, Lawrence Corcoran, 

F. E. Goldsmith, Thomas Burns, 

Andrew J. Piercy. 

CLEVELAND BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, OF 
CLEVELAND, O. 

J. F. Evans, /'resident. E. A. Harvey, Secretary. 

F. Dunlap, J. W. Glasscock, 

W. Phillips, J. E. Clapp, 

E Nolan, Wm. A. Purcell, 

J as. McCormick, Geo Shaffer, 

M. J. Kennedv, M. 1 1. MeGeary, 
J. J. Smith. 



82 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 



DETROIT BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, OF DE- 
TROIT, MICH. 

Hon. W. G. Thompson, Pres., Eugene Barnum, Sec\y. 
V. C. Bancroft, Manager* 
Chas Reillv, ].]. Gerhardt, 

C. W. Bennett, W. G. Sweeney, 

Edward Hanlon, Geo. II. Derby, 

Alonzo Knight, L. J. Brown, 

Geo. Wood, A. W. Whitney, 

Geo. W. Bradley. 

TROY CITY BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, OF TROY, 

N. Y. 

A. L. Hotchkin, President, C. R. DeFrkest, Secretary. 



J. P. Cassidy, 
P. Gillespie, 
Jacob Evans, 
R, Conner, 



E. J. Cask ins, 
W. H. Holbert, 
Win. Ewing, 
M. Welch, 
Frank Hankinson. 



PROVIDENCE BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, OF 
PROVIDENCE, R. I. 

Jas. L. Bullock, Secretary, 
Jno. Farrell, 
B. GNligan, 
Jeremiah Denny, 
S. P.. Houck, 
J. M. Ward, R. Matthews, 

E. M. Gross, Charles Radbourn. 



Henry T. Root, President, 
W. H. McClellan, 
P. A. Hines, 
P. Baker, 

Joseph Start, 
J. M. Ward, 
^. M. Gross, 

WORCESTER BASE BALL CLUB. 

Hon. C. B. Pratt, President , Freeman Brown, Treasure* 



M. C. Dorgan. 

A. A. Irwin, 

L. P. Dicker son, 

J. R Sullivan, 

J. L, Richmond, 



Geo. Creamer, 
II. D. Stovey, 
A. J. Bushong, 
F. II. Corey, 
W. W. Carpenter, 
P. J, Hotaling.